Homeland of elm trees; It grows naturally in Northern and Central Europe and Western Asia. It is a thick-bodied, side-spreading, densely branched tree with a rounded crown. Its height is 25-30 m, and its crown width is 20 m. It has a straight body. The main branches extend to the inner parts of the crown. The branches in the lower parts hang down. It is a fast growing species. Its shoots are initially gray green, with white hairs, and then turn light gray. The buds are conical, 3.5 mm long and brown. Flower buds are round, 5 mm long. The leaves are large, egg-shaped, asymmetrical, quite large and 10-16 cm long, with green stigma in summer.
Where was the American elm most commonly located?
Elm trees can live naturally in the Americas from Nova Scotia west to Alberta and Montana and south to Florida and central Texas in eastern North America. The upper surface of the leaves is dark green and very jagged, often very variable. It turns yellow in autumn. The flowers are brown purple in color. It appears in the form of boards before leafing out in March and April. How does elm spread in America? They are spread by the wind. It has a deep root system. It initially develops a taproot. When it comes to the adult age, the roots spreading to the sides are quite strong and they develop a 1.5-1.6 m deep pubescent root system. It gives many shoots at the root base or where the root spreads, but it is not invasive. It grows well in sunny and semi-shady places.
Does elm grow in shady places? Initially, it is quite resistant to the shadows of large trees. When evaluated in terms of nutrient and water needs, it is a contented species. It grows well in moist, open, deep and nutrient-rich soils rich in slightly acidic to very alkaline calcareous soils. It is frost tolerant. It grows well in semi-shaded places with low heat demand.
How many years can an elm live in America?
Moisture demand is less than other black trees. It has a pioneering character. For this reason, it can survive in flooded areas for a short time without any damage. The leaves decompose very quickly. It has the property of improving the soil. Its biological life is up to 400 years.