Although pine is the most common tree in the south where conifers are common, cedar and oaks are also found. Shrubs and cactus species are common in the northern regions with low rainfall. In the vast North American continent, there is a wide variety of climate types are observed. Various types of climates prevail The following issues are effective in its continuation:

  • From the Arctic in the north-south direction of the continent The fact that it extends to the Equatorial Zone,
  • Oceanic Cordillera system in the west and Appalachians in the east preventing the passage of its effects into the interior,
  • On the one hand, the absence of any obstacles to the north and south Cold winds from the Arctic Ocean and, on the other hand, the warm south along the valleys of the Mississippi and its tributaries progression.
  • The Great Lakes are humid in the region where they are located and in their immediate surroundings. environment and temperature, precipitation conditions changes.

What grows in North American Countries?

The North American continent, Polar Terrestrial (cP), Polar Marine (mP) and Tropical Marine (mT) is under the influence of air masses. What is the climate and vegetation of North America?

What grows in America? It is one of the most important countries in the world in the production of corn, soya, tobacco, cotton, citrus, wheat and sugar beet, which are the main agricultural products. In the USA, one of the world’s largest agricultural producers, the proportion of the population working in agriculture is 1.35%, while in Turkey it is 9%. There were dozens of agricultural machines of gigantic dimensions.

Canada has extremely rich natural resources. Spread over large areas fertile soil, forest belts surrounding the country, rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits are very diverse. These resources provide raw materials for industry Provides AGRICULTURE: 7.8% of its territory is suitable for agriculture and 10% of the labour force is in this sector. labour. The country produces a variety of products ranging from wheat, tobacco, vegetables and fruit. is cultivated. Canada is one of the countries that grow the most wheat. Wheat It comes second in the world after the USA in exports. Other crops grown include barley, oats, rye. Canada, top apple growing countries among them. In addition to apples, fruits such as pears, peaches and plums are also important. It’s big.

What is the vegetation type of North America

Mexico is located in the tropical zone, its climate (in the lowlands, Yucatan Peninsula) is hot and is humid and varies depending on the altitude. Lower than 750 to 900 m tropical areas constitute the warm zone and annual temperature in these places averages above 24°C. Temperate zone annual average temperature between 18° and 24°C varying and reaching heights of up to 1850 m. Most of the Mexican highlands are in this temperature zone. In the colder zone, the average annual temperature is 13° to 18°C between 10°C between 3000 and 3300 m and 0°C above 4200 and 4500 m. underneath.

The vegetation of the northern parts of Mexico and the natural animals living in the region, Similar to those in the south-west of the USA. The south of the country shares with Central America features. Pine is the most common tree in the south where conifers are common. although cedars and oaks are also found. Shrubs in the northern regions with little rainfall, cactus species are common.

The maize plant is cultivated throughout Mexico. The country’s land is suitable for cultivation about half of its area is devoted to this plant. Beans are the second most cultivated crop. Climate of north america >>

What is North America’s vegetation type?

North America has a diverse range of vegetation types due to its vast size, varied climates, and topographic variations. Here are some major vegetation types found in North America:

  1. Temperate Deciduous Forest: Found in the eastern part of North America, this vegetation type is characterized by broad-leaved, deciduous trees such as oak, maple, beech, and hickory. These forests have distinct seasonal changes with vibrant foliage in autumn.
  2. Coniferous Forest: The coniferous forests, also known as taiga or boreal forests, cover vast areas of Canada and parts of the northern United States. These forests are dominated by evergreen trees like spruce, pine, fir, and cedar. The taiga has long, cold winters and short summers.
  3. Grasslands: The Great Plains region of North America is known for its extensive grasslands, often referred to as prairies. These grasslands have a variety of grass species, including tallgrass prairies, mixed-grass prairies, and shortgrass prairies. They support grazing animals and are highly productive agricultural areas.
  4. Desert and Shrubland: North America has various desert and shrubland ecosystems, such as the Sonoran Desert in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. These regions have arid or semi-arid conditions, sparse vegetation, and plants adapted to survive in low-water environments, including cacti, sagebrush, and mesquite.
  5. Coastal Forests: Along the Pacific coast of North America, from California to Alaska, there are temperate rainforests. These forests receive abundant rainfall and have a dense growth of trees like Douglas fir, western red cedar, Sitka spruce, and redwoods.
  6. Alpine Tundra: In mountainous regions, particularly in the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, alpine tundra vegetation can be found at high elevations. These areas have low-growing plants and lichens adapted to survive in harsh, cold, and windy conditions.
  7. Wetlands: North America has extensive wetland ecosystems, including marshes, swamps, and bogs. These areas support a variety of aquatic plants, such as cattails, water lilies, sedges, and various species of moss.

These are just a few of the major vegetation types in North America, and there are further variations and transitional zones between these ecosystems. The continent’s vegetation is influenced by factors such as climate, soil conditions, topography, and human activities.

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