Information about the pothos plant; Pothos, scientifically known as Epipremnum aureum, is a popular and widely cultivated houseplant known for its attractive foliage. Here is some information about the pothos plant:
- Appearance: Pothos is a trailing or climbing vine with heart-shaped leaves that are typically green or variegated with shades of yellow or white. The leaves have a glossy texture and can grow quite large, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions. The vines can trail down from pots or climb up with the help of aerial roots.
- Easy to grow: Pothos is known for its easy care and low-maintenance nature, making it a popular choice for beginner gardeners. It is adaptable and can thrive in a wide range of environments, including indoor settings with low to moderate light levels.
- Light and temperature requirements: Pothos prefers bright, indirect light but can tolerate lower light conditions. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight as it may lead to leaf burn. The ideal temperature range for pothos is between 60°F (15°C) and 85°F (29°C), making it suitable for typical indoor temperatures.
- Watering and humidity: Pothos plants prefer slightly moist soil. Water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry, but be careful not to overwater as it can lead to root rot. Pothos can tolerate average room humidity, but higher humidity levels can promote better growth and foliage appearance.
- Propagation: Pothos can be easily propagated through stem cuttings. Simply take a cutting with a few leaves, place it in water or moist soil until roots develop, and then transfer it to a pot.
- Air-purifying qualities: Pothos is known for its air-purifying abilities, as it can help remove certain toxins from the air, such as formaldehyde, benzene, and xylene.
- Toxicity: Pothos is considered mildly toxic if ingested. Keep it out of reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion.
Pothos is a versatile and forgiving plant that can be grown in hanging baskets, pots, or trained to climb up trellises. It adds a touch of greenery and elegance to indoor spaces and is a popular choice for offices, homes, and other indoor environments.
Epipremnum is a liana with heart-shaped leaves. The scientific name of this genus can be translated from the Greek as being ”on trunks”, as this is a common habitat for climbing plants. In nature it is found in the tropical and equatorial belts – from India to northern Australia. The plant grows up to 2 m or more in indoor conditions and can reach 30 m in natural conditions. The leaves are elongated oval shaped, asymmetrical at the base, large, with long petioles. The size of the leaf plate depends on the brightness of the room: a plant placed in a brighter location will produce more leaves. This species is called goldenrod because of its colouring. The golden yellow spots and stripes are scattered randomly across the leaf surface.
How hard are pothos to take care of?
This magnificent plant is among the most hardy and shade-loving cultivars in the world for a reason. Epipremnum is a true Spartan and can suit almost in any spot in the interior. Watering is based on the principle that the cooler it is, the less watering should be done. Water from spring to autumn with cool, settled water. The soil should be dry by the time of the next watering.
How is Pothos plant prepared?
Epipremnum boasts a unique talent for being tolerant to almost any light. The only thing that any epipremnum plant is unable to tolerate to the direct sun. The degree of shading is determined by the desire to maintain the patterns With gradual adaptation, the epipremnum will grow perfectly well and look luxurious in the diffuse light, and in semi-shade, and even in the shade. The worse light is, the more the patterns are lost. In order to exhibit mottled patterns that encompass almost all the leaves, the brightest light is needed; for green-leaved species and varieties (or if colouring can be sacrificed), even the shade is acceptable. Should I water my pothos from the bottom?
Low pots with a small amount of soil are suitable for epipremnum. The soil should be fertile and neutral towards low acidity. Flower mix, garden soil, peat and coarse river sand can be used, as well as a mixture of turf, leaf soil and sand (in a 1:3:1 ratio).
How should the pothos plant humidity be? Epipremnum likes moist air, approx. 50-60%. During the warmer months, moisten the leaves with a sprinkler in the morning and evening. During the warmer months, the pot with the Epipremnum can also be taken out onto a balcony for ventilation. Remember, however, that the plant does not tolerate draughts and therefore the window should not be opened in the cold weather.
Does Pothos like the sun? In summer, Epipremnum is suitable for a normal room climate; it needs a temperature of at least 16℃ to grow normally. The optimum temperature is 24℃. The roots should not be cooled down as they are very fond of the heat.
How to care for Pothos plant indoors?
Liquid fertiliser should be applied once a week in summer and once a month in winter. However, if the plant has recently been transplanted, it does not need to be fertilised as the new soil will contain all the necessary nutrients. Transplant the epipremnum as it grows, usually once every 2-3 years, into new, larger vases. If it does not need replanting, you can simply replace the top layer of soil. But keeping the plants in the same soil for a long time is not advisable either, as nutrients will escape from the soil. The transplanting period should be in spring. Low pots with little soil are suitable for the epipremnum. Fertile soil with neutral or low acidity is required. Flower mix, garden soil, peat and coarse river sand or a mixture of turf, leaf soil and sand (in a 1:3:1 ratio) can be used. How do I know if my pothos is healthy? >>
How is Pothos produced? How is Pothos plant propagated?
Epipremnum can be propagated in two ways: by cuttings (apical and stem) and by grafts (shoot division). For propagation by cuttings, it is best to take the apical cuttings. For rooting, cuttings with 2-3 leaves should be cut under the place where the leaf is attached, it is from here that the new roots will grow. Such cuttings are easy to root in water or soil at room temperature and dim light. When planting in the ground, the cuttings can be covered with a glass or polyethylene cap to serve as a greenhouse.
What are Pothos plant pests?
If a Spindapsum turns yellow, don’t be worried – it could be simply a withering away of the leaves due to ageing. But if the leaves of the epidermis turn yellow but do not wilt, it means that it is not getting enough nutrients, so give it a liquid fertiliser.
If, on the other hand, the leaves do not get bright and turn pale, the plant is probably experiencing too much light and needs to be moved further away. If the leaves are bright green but getting smaller, the plant lacks light and needs to be put on a window sill or raised up Serious enemies of the epipermum are the scab, thrips, spider mites, mealybugs and aphids.