Fuchsia is a genus of perennials in the Cypress family with about 100 different varieties. In nature, the fuchsia flower can be found in South and Central America, as well as in New Zealand, and is an evergreen plant. The fuchsia plant was called after the ” father of botany”, Leonard von Fuchs. The indoor fuchsia, which has been cultivated for over 200 years, is a hybrid fuchsia and contains numerous forms and varieties. It has been a long-time favourite of florists who affectionately call it the ‘Japanese lantern’.
What is fuchsia flower?
In nature, the fuchsia looks like a shrub with a flexible branches. Fuchsia leaves, green or slightly reddish, oval, supracrowned, slightly pointed and serrated at the edges. Fuchsia blooms with abundant and long-lasting drooping flowers consisting of a bright coloured calyx and a tubular corolla with angled edges. Fuchsia flowers have long stalks and are coloured pink, white, red, orange, cream, mauve, purple sometimes three different shades per flower. The fruit is an edible berry. The plant is so flexible that it can be given any shape, such as an ampel, bush, pyramidal or a stumpy plant. In addition, the different fuchsia varieties bloom at very different times with different colours, so you have the opportunity to create a collection of fuchsias that will bloom from early spring to late autumn.
How to Care for Fuchsia Flowers?
The fuchsia is not too hard to take care of it at home. Remember that the fuchsia prefers a cool environment where the temperature does not rise above 20ºC. in summer. In winter, the temperature should not be more than 15 ºC. The best place for the fuchsia at home is on an eastern or northern window sill. If it is too stuffy in the flat in summer, it is best to take the plant out into the balcony or courtyard and find some well-lit space where the sunlight will only hit it in the morning. In the afternoon and evening, the fuchsia prefers the shade area.
Can you overwater a fuchsia?
The watering should be regular and sufficient during the growth and flowering period. Water regularly after the topsoil has been dried and make sure that the roots do not become waterlogged. The water should be left to stand or be filtered. In the late autumn, watering should be reduced and in winter watering should be done once or twice a month. To prevent the roots from overheating in the summer heat, it is better to raise the fuchsia in a thick ceramic pot. Spraying the pot with water in the summer time will refresh your plant and you can also get the right humidity by placing the fuchsia pot on the tray with damp pebbles.
Do fuchsias like sun or shade?
Windows oriented to the west or east are best for growing fuchsia because it requires a lot of sunlight, but it should always be diffused. It can easily withstand direct sunlight in the morning and evening. If the flower is growing on a south-facing window sill, it should be protected from the direct sunlight by using translucent paper or a cloth to avoid sunburn. If you choose a northern window sill, the fuchsia will not get enough light, which will cause the branches to stretch out and will also have a very negative effect on flowering (no or little flowering). During flowering, the shrub must not be disturbed (moved or turned),
otherwise all the buds, flowers and foliage may fall off. During the warmer months, the shrub can be moved to the fresh air, but it should be accustomed gradually to the changed conditions.
Where is the best place to put a fuchsia?
Do fuchsias grow well in pots? Do fuchsias need a lot of water? Does fuchsia come back every year? During the growing season, the temperature should be 18-24 degrees. For overwintering, you should choose a well-lit and cool place (5-10 degrees). However, you should always remember to keep the plant in a cool place for the winter. In a warmer place, the leaves will fall off and the stems will be elongated. The fuchsia needs regular ventilation, but it should always be protected from the wind drafts as they can be the cause of flower mortality. During the warm months, the shrub can be moved to the balcony and should be protected from direct sunlight, draughts and precipitation.
Do fuchsias need special soil?
What is the best compost for fuchsias? Does fuchsia do well in pots? Where is the best place to put a fuchsia plant? Fuchsias are well suited with general soil mixes for the houseplants with a slightly acidic reaction, but you should add pieces of charcoal, perlite, vermiculite and some sand and clay soil or hydrogel to improve their aeration and retain moisture. Fuchsia soil can be made by yourself by mixing the peat, humus or fertile soil and sand in a 2:3:1 proportion. The soil should be warmed up or soaked with a pink manganese solution. The bottom of the pot should be drained with a layer of clay pebbles, at least 1/4 of its height. The plants will be at risk of overwatering if they do not have any drainage.
Does the fuchsia flower like moisture? Fuchsias should be watered regularly as the substrate becomes dry but moderately, preventing both drying out and overwatering of the ground. It is recommended to drain any excess of water from the trays. During the warmer months, you can spray the fuchsias with a clear water.
How to care for fuchsia flower?
How do you keep a fuchsia blooming? How do I keep my fuchsia happy? Where does fuchsia grow best?
What to do with fuchsia after flowering? To keep fuchsias lush and bloom abundantly, they should be trimmed and pruned regularly as the blossoms appear on the new shoots. The basic pruning should be done in early spring, at the beginning of the March, or in the autumn after the flowering and vigorous growth are finished. The shrubs can be shaped in many different ways. During the growing season, the shoots should be shortened as necessary, sometimes up to 1/3 of their length, and the thin and weak branches should be removed. Usually nip off the tips of the lateral shoots at the level of 2 to 3 pairs of leaves to allow the fuchsia to branch more quickly and produce more flower buds. During flowering, you will need to remove the wilted flowers regularly to stimulate the formation of the new ones. The most serious enemy of fuchsia is insects. Insects such as caterpillars, whiteflies, spiders and small lice are among the most damaging insects to the earring flower. The important thing is the condition of your plant and how you take care of it.
Can you grow a fuchsia from a cutting?
Can you root fuchsia cuttings in water? When can I take fuchsia cuttings? How to propagate fuchsia flower? There are usually 2 ways to propagate fuchsias:
- By cuttings: Cuttings are often combined with spring pruning in early March, but it can be done until the end of August. Green cuttings are about 12 cm long and should be rooted in the moist sand or a peat-sand mixture, using root- stimulating hormones (Cornevinus). The roots are usually appearing after 3 weeks. The rooted cuttings are transplanted into pots filled with a sanitised soil mixture.
- By seeds: When seeds are used to propagate fuchsias, sow them over the moist substrate of turf and sand (1:1), then cover with foil or glass and put them into a warm (20 – 25 °C), bright place. The seedlings emerge within 2 weeks and when they become 5 to 6 leaves, they can be potted into 5 cm pots with the same soil. The plants from seeds can bloom normally in 4 to 5 months.
What diseases do fuchsias suffer from?
How is fuchsia disease treated? What is wrong with my fuchsia leaves? How do you fix fuchsia rust?
- Powdery mildew: Fuchsias are often affected by the powdery mildew, especially when they are wet. The plants are covered with small spots of white powdery mildew. They rapidly increase in size and become slightly brownish or grey coloured. The affected leaves are withered.
- Dry rust: It is a dangerous fungal disease. When the plant is infested, rusty-brown spots and streaks appear on the leaves as well as dusty pustules.
- Grey rot: Fuchsia roots often suffer from it, especially if they become too wet. When you are repotting your plants, it is important to pay attention to the roots. They should be light-coloured, almost white and hard. If the roots are brownish and soft, this is a definite sign of grey rot. A grey scurf also appears on the leaves.