Roses, whose homeland is the Far East and Iran, are available in red, white and yellow varieties. There are also varieties of roses used in many different sectors, especially in the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. What are the Characteristics of Rose; Roses are mostly grown in Greece, Bulgaria and Albania. Rose Damascena is the most cultivated type, both because it is easy to care for and because its oil is used in cosmetics. The most important point to be considered in rose care is room temperature. The rose, which is not resistant to cold climates, does not like too hot environments. This flower should be grown in iron-rich soil and the soil should be renewed once a month. It is possible to grow roses not only in sandy but also in clay soils. While it is sufficient to water once a week in autumn and winter, it should be watered every 2 days in summer. 

Exposure to direct sunlight shortens the life of the rose. For this reason, roses should be kept in dimly lit places. The least cultivated rose species worldwide is the bear rose, also known as the Red Tulip. These roses, which are forbidden to pluck and damage, are grown under special conditions and climatic condition.

What is a Rose Where is the Motherland of Roses

Where is Rose Flower Used? 

Today, with the increasing interest in organic products, the sales rates of creams made from roses and containing no chemicals have increased. Not only cream, but also trace amounts of roses are used in the production of different cosmetic products such as lotions and perfumes. Rose teas, whose consumption rate has increased in recent years, are good for winter diseases such as flu, colds and bronchitis. Rose teas, which are consumed because they are both delicious and beneficial for health, strengthen the immune system and are good for sore throat.

What You Should Know About Rose

Latin :Rosa sp Family : Rosaceae Homeland : Cold and temperate regions of the northern hemisphere Venue : Outdoor Group : Seasonal Flowers Description: It is a long-lived thorny shrub, usually deciduous in winter, up to 2-3 m tall. The petals are arranged in alternate rows. Hybridization studies on roses have led to the creation of hundreds of new cultural forms. Cane roses are obtained by grafting from the desired height on a cane stem free of thorns. Grafted forms can have large single flowers or clusters of flowers. Light Requirements: It should be grown in sunny, semi-shady places where it is not windy when possible. Temperature Requirements: Even if the plant is damaged by extreme cold in winter, it can give shoots again. 

What You Should Know About Rose

Soil Requirements: It prefers moist, clayey-loamy soils rich in organic matter. 

Irrigation: The time and amount of irrigation depends on the environmental conditions, soil structure and the developmental status of the plant, but the water given to the plant should be increased as it will need more water during the shoot-bearing period and in summer. 

Pruning: Pruning should be light and elongated branches should be shortened. Cutting the dried flowers is an application that encourages the formation of new flowers. 

Production: By seed, cuttings and grafting 

Diseases and Pests: Diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, mildew, leaf and stem spot, black spot, root rot and pests such as aphid, rose shoot bee, crustacean aphid are very common.

What is the history of roses?

Cultivated by the Chinese 500 years ago, roses, the fragrance and beauty of their flowers It is regarded by gardeners as the queen of flowers. Motherland Anatolia and Central Asia; rose; It is a perennial shrub form with abundant fringe roots, which can grow between 1-2 meters in length, semi- semi-shrub is a woody plant. Since it blooms from the first year of planting, it shows its beauty immediately. It is usually The roses grown today, which we see in pink, white, red, yellow, orange colors, are three Rosa gallica, Rosa indica and Rosa lutea. Various hybridization efforts have led to the emergence of hundreds of cultivated forms. In addition to shrub-type roses, which are used in groups and singly in the garden, climbing, winding, spreading roses are used on pergolas, fences, wall edges, entrances, door and window edges. In recent years miniature roses, which can also be found in our country, can be used indoors as they can bloom all year round.

They can be used outdoors or planted as a group. Tree roses are roses grafted onto a long stem. Roses can also be planted in different sized pots and It is also used in containers, especially to decorate balconies. The best species for growing in pots is dwarf roses. It can grow in almost any soil. If cut and planted from the upper branches in spring, it can be easily They root and grow and even bloom until autumn. Their only flaw is that they are odorless. But they bloom all year round. On a glassed-in balcony with plenty of sun, they also bloom in winter. For many years live. They can be of various colors.

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