Chrysanthemum (lat. Chrysanthemum) is a flowering plant from the Composite family. Chrysanthemum is originally from China. The name Chrysanthemum means ‘golden flower’ in Greek. Its flower resembles a small sun. The chrysanthemum genus is quite varied – there are around 150 species worldwide. Chrysanthemums can be either tall or short, pompous or semi-pompous, spherical or camomile. Chrysanthemums come in a wide range of colours – white, yellow, pink, red and purple. Only blue and blue chrysanthemums are not available.
What is special about the chrysanthemum?
Chrysanthemums include perennials and annuals, herbaceous species and semi-shrubs. The rhizome of chrysanthemums is branched, which develops parallel to the surface. Shoots can be bare or pubescent. The leaves, which are arranged in rows, are simple but differ in size and shape – serrated, serrated, parted – and may or may not be pubescent. Leaf colour is usually light green, although it may be darker. The small flowers are arranged in a basket, sometimes quite large, usually consisting of single-row arranged tubular median and tongue-like marginal flowers, although in many hybrid cultivars the flowers are arranged in multiple rows to form a dense inflorescence, called chrysanthemum macerate. The fruit of the chrysanthemum is a seedpod. A common crop cultivar is the so-called ‘chrysanthemum mulberry’. Sometimes it is also called the Chinese chrysanthemum. It is a complex group of varieties and hybrids, with a rather confusing history. Chrysanthemum flower
How to care for chrysanthemum flower?
How do I care for a chrysanthemum? How do you keep chrysanthemums blooming? How do you keep a chrysanthemum alive in a vase? How often do you water chrysanthemums? Chrysanthemums need a basic care, good light and nutritious soil. The watering needs to be correct, the chrysanthemum needs to be protected from the wind and the soil needs to be suitable for the plant, depending on the species.
How to water a chrysanthemum flower? Water in a moderate manner, keeping the soil slightly moist. Neither stagnant water in the pot or overly dry soil should be allowed.
Chrysanthemum flower light request The indoor chrysanthemum likes plenty of light during its growth but the plant blooms when the daylight hours are less than 10 hours. Shade the plant from direct sunlight during the hotter hours.
Soil demand of chrysanthemum flower They tend to grow in well-drained loamy and fertile soils. Heavy clay and sandy soils can be improved by applying compost, peat and other organic matter. In summer, it is advisable to sprinkle the chrysanthemum periodically to reduce the air temperature.
Does chrysanthemum like heat? The indoor chrysanthemum needs cool temperatures. Temperatures above 20°C will cause the plant to wilt quickly. In summer, it is best to put it on a balcony or, if it is not possible, to air it out more frequently. Ideally keep the chrysanthemum at a temperature of 12-17 °C in summer and 3-5 °C in winter.
Flower care in chrysanthemum plants
To improve business, prune the tips of the young shoots. Pruning is recommended when the bush has reached the height of 15-20 cm. However, the more you prune, the longer you will have to wait for flowering. Chrysanthemums can be fertilised in early spring to late autumn with a compound floral fertiliser once every 2 weeks. Fertilizers containing nitrogen are used to stimulate the growth. Fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are used during the budding period for a brighter and longer flowering time. The fertiliser should be applied 12-18 hours after the next watering.
Which method is used for the propagation of chrysanthemum?
The most common method is by dividing the shrub. After overwintering, the chrysanthemum will produce young shoots. Separate the young shoots from the mother plant and place them into small pots. Propagation can also be done by cuttings. Cuttings 10-12 cm long are stuck into a mixture of peat and sand to a depth of 1-2 cm and covered with a transparent jar or plastic bag. A room temperature suitable for rooting is between 20-23°C. The rooted cuttings can be planted in the individual pots. Can you put indoor chrysanthemums outside? >>
Diseases of Chrysanthemum: Chrysanthemums can suffer from the soil flies, aphids, thrips and spider mites.