The plant is native to North America but is widely planted at the edge of wetlands for its landscaping value. It is a deciduous tree that can grow from 12 to 25 meters. The trunk can reach 60 cm in diameter. While the bark of young trees is smooth and gray in color, cracks appear in the bark over time. Winter buds are reddish brown with a velvety surface. Leaves are compound whorls 15 to 30 cm long with seven to nine leaflets. The leaflets are 5 to 15 cm long and 1 to 9 cm wide, with saw-toothed margins and on short stalks. Flowers appear with the leaves. They are in tight clusters and lack petals. The fruit is 2.5 to 7.5 cm long and one-seeded.
Fraxinus americana, commonly known as white ash, is native to eastern and central North America. Its natural range includes a broad area covering much of the eastern and central United States and extending into parts of southeastern Canada. The distribution of Fraxinus americana includes states in the eastern United States, such as:
- New York
In addition to these states, white ash is found in other parts of the Great Lakes region and along the Mississippi River Valley. The species is adapted to a variety of habitats, ranging from moist bottomlands to drier upland areas. It’s important to note that the distribution of white ash may be influenced by factors such as climate, soil conditions, and human activities. Additionally, white ash has been widely planted outside its native range for its valuable timber and aesthetic qualities.
Where is Fraxinus found?
The Fraxinus genus includes a variety of species commonly known as ash trees. These trees are found in different parts of the world, and their distribution can vary based on the specific species. Some of the notable species in the Fraxinus genus and their general locations include:
- Fraxinus excelsior (European ash): Native to most of Europe, this species is found in countries such as the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Scandinavia.
- Fraxinus americana (white ash): Native to eastern and central North America, including states in the United States such as New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and others.
- Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash): Also native to North America, green ash is found in a similar range as white ash, including the eastern and central United States.
- Fraxinus chinensis (Chinese ash): Native to China, this species is found in various regions within the country.
- Fraxinus mandshurica (Manchurian ash): Native to eastern Asia, including regions like China, Korea, and Russia’s Far East.
- Fraxinus velutina (velvet ash): Native to southwestern North America, including parts of the United States and Mexico.
These are just a few examples, and there are more species of Fraxinus with different native ranges. Additionally, some ash species have been introduced and cultivated in other parts of the world for various purposes, such as timber production, landscaping, or as ornamental trees.