When should I plant my garden in Buffalo?

In Buffalo, Wyoming, the timing for planting a garden depends on the types of crops you want to grow and the local climate. Buffalo experiences a cold and relatively short growing season due to its high elevation and northern location. Here are some general guidelines for planting your garden in Buffalo:

  1. Frost Dates: Determine the average last frost date in spring and the first frost date in fall for your specific location in Buffalo. The last frost date indicates when it is generally safe to plant frost-sensitive crops, while the first frost date signals the end of the growing season. These dates can vary slightly from year to year, so it’s best to consult local gardening resources or cooperative extension offices for the most accurate information.
  2. Cool-Season Crops: Start your garden early in the season by planting cool-season crops. These include vegetables like lettuce, spinach, kale, peas, radishes, and carrots. These crops tolerate cooler temperatures and can be planted as soon as the soil is workable in spring, even before the last frost date.
  3. Warm-Season Crops: Warm-season crops, such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, beans, and corn, require warmer soil and air temperatures. They should be planted after the danger of frost has passed, typically around the last frost date in Buffalo. Use this date as a reference to determine when to plant warm-season crops in your garden.
  4. Transplants and Seeds: Some crops, like tomatoes and peppers, benefit from being started indoors as transplants before being moved to the garden. Begin indoor seeding for transplants several weeks before the last frost date. For crops that are directly sown in the garden, follow the seed packet instructions for proper planting depth and spacing.
  5. Fall Crops: Take advantage of the shorter but cooler fall season in Buffalo by planting crops that can mature before the first frost. Cool-season crops, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and certain leafy greens, can be planted in late summer to ensure a harvest before temperatures drop.

Remember that these guidelines are general recommendations, and local conditions can vary. It’s always a good idea to adapt your planting schedule based on the specific microclimate, soil conditions, and the recommendations of experienced local gardeners or agricultural extension services in Buffalo.

What grows in Buffalo?

Buffalo, Wyoming has a climate characterized by cold winters, short growing seasons, and relatively dry conditions. While the growing season in Buffalo may be challenging compared to more temperate regions, there are still several crops that can be successfully grown. Here are some examples of plants that can grow in Buffalo:

When should I plant my garden in Buffalo
  1. Cold-Season Vegetables: Cold-tolerant vegetables are suitable for the shorter growing season in Buffalo. These include crops like lettuce, spinach, kale, Swiss chard, radishes, carrots, peas, and cabbage. These vegetables can be planted early in the season, as soon as the soil can be worked.
  2. Root Vegetables: Root crops, such as potatoes, beets, turnips, and parsnips, are well-suited to Buffalo’s climate. They can be planted in spring and harvested in late summer or fall.
  3. Hardy Perennial Herbs: Certain perennial herbs can thrive in Buffalo’s climate. Examples include chives, thyme, sage, oregano, and mint. These herbs can withstand cooler temperatures and return each year.
  4. Berry Bushes: Some berry bushes, particularly those that are cold-hardy, can be grown in Buffalo. Varieties of raspberries, currants, gooseberries, and haskap berries (honeyberries) can withstand the region’s winters and produce fruit during the growing season.
  5. Ornamental Shrubs and Trees: Many ornamental shrubs and trees can be successfully grown in Buffalo for landscaping purposes. Some options include juniper, spruce, pine, serviceberry, potentilla, and lilac. These plants can add beauty and interest to your garden or yard.

It’s important to note that the specific varieties and cultivars within these plant types should be chosen based on their adaptability to the local climate and growing conditions in Buffalo. Additionally, providing proper soil preparation, irrigation, and protection from extreme weather conditions can enhance the success of your garden in Buffalo. Consulting with local nurseries, garden centers, or experienced gardeners in the area can provide valuable insights and recommendations for plants that thrive in Buffalo’s unique climate. What are the best plant varieties to grow in Buffalo? >>

Which flowers grow well in Buffalo?

In Buffalo, Wyoming’s challenging climate with cold winters and a relatively short growing season, it’s important to select flowers that are hardy and adaptable. Here are some flowers that have shown resilience in Buffalo’s conditions and can grow well:

Which flowers grow well in Buffalo
  1. Marigolds (Tagetes spp.): Marigolds are known for their vibrant colors and are relatively easy to grow. They tolerate a range of soil conditions and can withstand cooler temperatures, making them suitable for Buffalo’s climate.
  2. Pansies (Viola spp.): Pansies are cold-tolerant and can be planted early in the spring. They come in various colors and add a splash of brightness to gardens and containers.
  3. Nasturtiums (Tropaeolum spp.): Nasturtiums are hardy annuals that thrive in full sun. They have attractive, round leaves and produce colorful flowers. Nasturtiums are known for their ability to tolerate poor soil conditions.
  4. Black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia spp.): Black-eyed Susans are native perennials that are well-suited to Wyoming’s climate. They have bright yellow or orange daisy-like flowers and can tolerate a range of growing conditions.
  5. Coneflowers (Echinacea spp.): Coneflowers are native perennials that are both hardy and attractive. They have distinctive cone-shaped centers surrounded by petals in various colors, including purple, pink, and white.
  6. Daylilies (Hemerocallis spp.): Daylilies are reliable perennials that produce large, colorful flowers. They come in a wide range of colors and can withstand cold temperatures and variable growing conditions.
  7. Siberian Iris (Iris sibirica): Siberian iris is a perennial that thrives in cooler climates. It features elegant, delicate blooms in shades of blue, purple, white, and yellow.
  8. Hardy Geraniums (Geranium spp.): Hardy geraniums, also known as cranesbills, are perennials that can tolerate a range of growing conditions. They produce beautiful, long-lasting blooms in various colors.
  9. Lamb’s Ear (Stachys byzantina): Lamb’s ear is a low-growing perennial with soft, fuzzy leaves that resemble lamb’s ears. It is drought-tolerant and adds a unique texture to gardens.
  10. Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia): Russian sage is a hardy perennial with silvery foliage and lavender-blue flowers. It can tolerate dry conditions and adds a touch of elegance to landscapes.

When selecting flowers for your garden in Buffalo, consider factors such as sun exposure, soil conditions, and water availability. Choosing native or adapted varieties that are well-suited to the region’s climate will increase the chances of success. Consulting with local gardening experts, nurseries, or horticultural organizations in the area can provide more specific guidance on suitable flower choices for Buffalo.

The best fruit to grow in Buffalo

Growing fruit in Buffalo, Wyoming can be challenging due to the region’s cold winters and short growing season. However, there are a few fruits that can be successfully grown with careful selection of hardy varieties and proper care. Here are some fruit options that have shown potential for successful cultivation in Buffalo:

The best fruit to grow in Buffalo
  • Apples: Apples are one of the most reliable fruit trees for Buffalo. There are many cold-hardy apple varieties available that can withstand the region’s winters. Examples include Honeycrisp, Haralson, and Liberty.
  • Cherries: Tart or sour cherries tend to be more suitable for Buffalo than sweet cherries. Varieties like Montmorency and Northstar have shown better adaptability to colder climates.
  • Plums: Several plum varieties can be grown in Buffalo. European plums, such as Italian Prune or Stanley, and some cold-hardy American hybrids like Superior or Toka, are worth considering.
  • Currants and Gooseberries: These small fruits are well-suited to colder climates. Varieties like Red Lake currants and Pixwell gooseberries are known to thrive in Wyoming.
  • Hardy Grapes: Some cold-hardy grape varieties can be grown in Buffalo, such as Frontenac, Marquette, and La Crescent. These grapes are suitable for making juice, jellies, or even wine.
  • Raspberries: Certain raspberry varieties, such as Boyne and Nova, have proven successful in Wyoming’s climate. These varieties are known for their cold tolerance and ability to produce sweet berries.

It’s important to select fruit varieties that are specifically bred for colder climates and have demonstrated success in Wyoming or similar regions. Consider factors such as chill hours (the number of hours below a specific temperature required for fruit trees to break dormancy), disease resistance, and adaptability to shorter growing seasons.

Additionally, providing proper care, such as selecting suitable planting sites, providing adequate sun exposure, and implementing winter protection measures, can increase the chances of successful fruit production in Buffalo.

Consulting with local nurseries, cooperative extension offices, or experienced fruit growers in your area can provide valuable insights and recommendations on fruit varieties that have performed well in Buffalo and the specific care practices required for successful fruit cultivation.