When should fig trees be pruned?

Fig trees are pruned in summer and winter. Fig Tree Pruning in Winter: After the trees have shed their leaves, during the entire rest period and Generally, pruning is done between January and February. In countries with a temperate climate as soon as the trees shed their leaves, pruning can be started from November. Is the fig tree pruned in summer? Figs can be pruned during the summer months. Figs are pruned in the summer months of May, June and July. More too much bending, bending, removing unnecessary branches, etc. pruning is done.

How is shape pruning done in figs?

In newly planted saplings, it is aimed to take the shape of the tree until it gives fruit. The purpose of pruning is to shape the tree. With shape pruning, a large number of good fruits are obtained by pruning at the desired height, properly, strongly and in a balanced way with each other. Pruning should be done softly in proportion to the strength of growth in trees. So strong growing tree light, normal growing tree medium, weak growing trees are pruned strongly.

Fig tree pruning; The fig sapling is pruned when the newly planted seedlings rise 1 meter from the ground. In order to form the first main branches that will shape the crown of the tree; from this chosen height and Write other shoots by leaving 3-4 suitable eyes close to the cut point (June). – in July) pruned in season. 3-4 skeletal main branches consisting of eyes selected during planting in the first winter pruning is selected. These main branches are distributed at an equal angle around the tree trunk and between them A distance of approximately 15 cm is left.

Again, every winter the voracious branches on the trunk of the tree should be removed. In this way the fifth or At the end of the sixth year, shape pruning was completed, the main branches were short, strong and balanced. an overgrown, hemispherical tree is obtained.

Why is the fig tree pruned?

With crop pruning; By providing sufficient lighting and ventilation in the tree, it will yield products.
With the strong development of shoots, it is aimed to obtain better quality products. Branches and shoots to be diluted in crop pruning are cut from the bottom. dry branches, broken branches, diseased branches, twigs touching the ground, gluttonous twigs, too elongated formless arms and congested branches are removed.

It should be noted that crop pruning should not be done too harshly. Otherwise the tree goes into exile a lot and the yield suddenly drops.

What should be considered when pruning a fig tree?

  • One-year branches should be cut from the knuckle, and the core should not be exposed.
  • Sharp and clean tools should be used for pruning. Dilution pruning shears for pruning and thin branch cuttings, saw for thick branch cuttings should be used.
  • In order to prevent branch splitting in thick branch cuttings, cut from the lower part of the branch. After some cutting is done in the lower part, it is passed to the opposite upper side. the cut is completed, or the main cut first so that the weight of the branch does not cause the split. After 40-50 cm beyond the main place, the cut is made from the main place.
  • The wounds resulting from cutting thick branches should be covered by applying the vaccine paste.
  • Pruning residues should be collected and burned immediately, as they are carriers of diseases and pests.
  • When the tools to be used for pruning pass from tree to tree, bleach etc. should be sterilized with disinfectants.

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