What is Boxwood, Where and How Does It Grow? Boxwood Properties, Care. What is Boxwood? Information About Boxwood, Boxwoods are small shrub-type trees that do not grow much. This tree is often used for ornamental purposes in landscape and garden design. Since it is quite easy to give the desired shape to its branches, it is possible to prune it as desired. For this reason, it is used in different areas such as restaurants, restaurants, sites, residences, hotels and facilities to make the garden and landscape look more aesthetic.
Boxwood Latin Name: Boxwood is called buxus sempervirens, common box and buis in Latin. Boxwood Properties: Boxwood is a tree species belonging to the boxwood family. Although it is usually seen as a densely branched shrub, it can grow up to 10 meters tall. Boxwood has the ability to stay green in all seasons. Its leaves are greenish yellow and turn black at the top. Boxwood is a fruit-bearing tree and its fruit and leaves are similar to myrtle. Boxwood has 4-pointed shoots and leathery, glabrous and full-edged leaves. Boxwood likes to live in moist areas in nutrient-rich soils. It is a very shade-tolerant and slow-growing tree. It usually takes the form of a plant or shrub, but sometimes it can also take the form of a tree. Due to its natural appearance and durability, it is also used as timber. However, it is usually used as an ornamental plant due to its characteristics such as being in shrub form and remaining green in all seasons.
Overall, the popularity of boxwood can be attributed to its aesthetic appeal, versatility, durability, and relatively low maintenance requirements. Its timeless and classic look has made it a staple in many garden designs and landscapes around the world. Latin: Buxus sp. Family: Buxaceae Homeland : Southern and central Europe, North Africa, Caucasus and Western Himalayas Europe Venue: Outdoor Group: Seasonal Flowers Description: Evergreen plants, usually 1 m tall shrubs, rarely 7-8 m tall trees. Leaves are elliptic, entire-margined, 1-3 cm long, leathery, bright green on the upper side, yellowish light green on the lower side. Petiole is short. Leaves are arranged opposite each other. Flowers are hardly visible. Light Requirement: It is a semi-shade plant. In places with a moderate and humid climate, it can also be grown under trees as it is shade resistant.
Temperature Requirements: It is sensitive to frosts. Soil Requirements: It grows well in nutrient-rich, moist, cool, loose, humus, calcareous soil. Irrigation: should be done by considering the plant needs. Fertilization: It is a very slow growing plant. No matter how much water and fertilizer you give, its growth is slow.
Pruning: Pruning should be done in late spring. Since it is very suitable for pruning, it is frequently used in the construction of fences or different sculptures. Production: Production is mostly done by cuttings and division. Although seed production is possible, it is not recommended because the plants from the seed grow very late. Diseases and Pests: Tip drying, mites, aphids on shoots, snail pests are controlled.
Why is boxwood so highly preferred?
Boxwood (Buxus) is popular for several reasons:
- Evergreen Nature: Boxwood is an evergreen shrub, meaning it retains its green foliage throughout the year. This makes it an attractive choice for providing year-round greenery in landscapes and gardens, even in colder climates.
- Versatility: Boxwood is highly versatile and can be used in various landscaping and gardening applications. It can be shaped and pruned into formal hedges, topiaries, or geometric shapes, adding structure and elegance to garden designs. It also works well as a border plant, in foundation plantings, or as standalone shrubs.
- Compact and Dense Growth: Boxwood has a compact and dense growth habit, which makes it an excellent choice for creating formal hedges and screens. The foliage forms a thick and lush barrier that provides privacy and acts as a windbreak.
- Low Maintenance: Boxwood is relatively low maintenance compared to many other plants. It tolerates pruning well and can be easily shaped into desired forms. It has a slow to moderate growth rate, reducing the need for frequent pruning or trimming.
- Drought Tolerance: Certain boxwood varieties, such as the Korean boxwood (Buxus microphylla var. koreana), have good drought tolerance once established. This makes them suitable for regions with limited water availability or during periods of water restrictions.
- Deer Resistance: Boxwood is often considered deer resistant, meaning it is less likely to be browsed by deer compared to other plants. This can be beneficial in areas with high deer populations.
- Longevity: Well-maintained boxwood shrubs can have a long lifespan, lasting for decades or even centuries. This durability and longevity make it an attractive choice for creating long-lasting landscapes.
Overall, the popularity of boxwood can be attributed to its aesthetic appeal, versatility, durability, and relatively low maintenance requirements. Its timeless and classic look has made it a staple in many garden designs and landscapes around the world.
Doesn’t boxwood shed leaves?
Yes, boxwood does shed leaves, but the shedding is minimal compared to deciduous plants. Boxwood is an evergreen shrub, which means it retains its leaves throughout the year. However, like all plants, boxwood does undergo a natural process of leaf renewal and occasional leaf drop.
Boxwood may shed older leaves as new growth emerges, especially in spring. This is a normal part of the plant’s growth cycle and helps the shrub maintain its vitality. The leaf drop is typically not excessive and should not cause significant visual impact or leave the plant bare.
One of the advantages of boxwood is that it retains its green foliage even during winter, providing year-round greenery. While some leaf shedding may occur, boxwood generally maintains its dense and compact appearance throughout the year.
It’s important to note that the amount of leaf shedding can vary depending on factors such as the specific boxwood variety, growing conditions, and maintenance practices. Proper care, including regular watering, adequate nutrition, and avoiding stress factors, can help minimize leaf drop and maintain the health and appearance of boxwood shrubs.
How to prune boxwood?
Pruning boxwood (Buxus) is a common practice to maintain its shape, control size, and promote healthy growth. Here are some general guidelines for pruning boxwood:
- Timing: The best time to prune boxwood is in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. Pruning at this time allows the plant to recover quickly and promotes vigorous growth during the growing season.
- Tools: Use sharp and clean pruning tools, such as hand pruners or hedge shears, to make clean cuts. Disinfect the tools before pruning to prevent the spread of diseases.
- Overall Shaping: Start by pruning the overall shape of the boxwood. Use hand pruners to selectively remove long or wayward branches to achieve the desired shape. Make cuts just above a leaf node or lateral branch junction.
- Size Control: If you need to reduce the size of the boxwood, prune back the outer portions of the shrub, focusing on removing longer branches. Avoid cutting into the old wood as it may not produce new growth.
- Thinning: To maintain the density of the boxwood and improve airflow, thin out some of the inner branches. This helps prevent the plant from becoming overly dense and promotes good light penetration.
- Shearing: For formal hedges or topiaries, use hedge shears to create a neat and uniform shape. Take care to follow the natural contours of the boxwood and avoid shearing too tightly, as it may affect the plant’s health and aesthetic appeal.
- Cleaning Debris: Remove any dead, diseased, or damaged branches to keep the plant healthy and prevent the spread of pests or diseases. Also, clear out any fallen debris or mulch around the base of the plant.
- Regular Maintenance: Regularly monitor the growth of the boxwood and perform light pruning as needed throughout the growing season to maintain its shape and prevent excessive growth.
It’s important to note that specific pruning techniques may vary depending on the desired shape, boxwood variety, and local growing conditions. Observe the natural growth pattern of the plant and avoid drastic pruning that could harm the boxwood. If you are unsure about pruning or have specific concerns, it’s always recommended to consult with a local horticulture expert or arborist for guidance tailored to your specific situation.
Where is boxwood used?
Boxwood (Buxus) is used in various landscaping and gardening applications due to its versatility and aesthetic appeal. Here are some common uses of boxwood:
- Hedges and Privacy Screens: Boxwood is often used to create formal hedges and privacy screens. Its dense foliage and ability to be shaped make it an ideal choice for defining boundaries, creating privacy, and adding structure to outdoor spaces.
- Topiaries and Sculptures: Boxwood’s compact growth habit and ability to tolerate pruning make it a popular choice for creating topiaries and sculptural forms. It can be shaped into various shapes, such as balls, cones, pyramids, and animal figures, adding a touch of elegance and artistry to gardens.
- Garden Borders and Edging: Boxwood can be used as a border plant or edging along garden beds, walkways, or driveways. Its uniform growth and evergreen foliage provide a neat and defined look to the landscape.
- Foundation Plantings: Boxwood is often planted near the foundations of buildings to soften the transition between the structure and the surrounding landscape. Its compact form and year-round greenery make it an attractive choice for framing entrances or accentuating architectural features.
- Container Gardening: Boxwood is well-suited for container gardening. It can be grown in pots, planters, or troughs to create focal points on patios, balconies, or entrances. Container-grown boxwood is also portable, allowing for flexibility in placement.
- Ornamental Plantings: Boxwood’s versatility and aesthetic appeal make it a popular choice for ornamental plantings in gardens, parks, and public spaces. It can be used in formal garden designs, knot gardens, parterres, and other landscape styles that require structured and well-defined plantings.
- Low-Maintenance Landscapes: Boxwood is valued for its low maintenance requirements. Its slow to moderate growth rate reduces the need for frequent pruning or trimming. As a result, it is often used in landscapes where low-maintenance plants are desired.
The uses of boxwood are not limited to the above examples. Its ability to provide year-round greenery, withstand shaping and pruning, and adapt to different growing conditions make it a versatile and widely used plant in various landscaping and gardening contexts. Why did boxwood become so popular? Where is boxwood used? >>
What are the varieties of boxwood?
There are several varieties of boxwood (Buxus) available, each with its own unique characteristics. Here are some common varieties of boxwood:
- Common Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens): Also known as English boxwood or European boxwood, it is one of the most widely cultivated boxwood varieties. It has small, glossy, dark green leaves and a dense growth habit. Common boxwood can grow tall, making it suitable for hedges and topiaries.
- American Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens ‘American’): This variety is a cultivar of common boxwood. It is known for its compact growth and smaller leaves compared to the species. American boxwood is often used for borders, foundation plantings, and low hedges.
- Korean Boxwood (Buxus microphylla var. koreana): This variety is native to Korea and has become popular for its cold hardiness and dense growth. It has small, rounded leaves that are darker green than other boxwood varieties. Korean boxwood is often used for low hedges, edging, and containers.
- Japanese Boxwood (Buxus microphylla var. japonica): Native to Japan, this variety is similar to Korean boxwood but has slightly larger leaves. It has a compact growth habit and is often used for hedges, topiaries, and formal gardens.
- Variegated Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens ‘Variegata’): This cultivar of common boxwood features leaves with variegated patterns of green and creamy white. It adds visual interest and can be used as a focal point or to provide contrast in the landscape.
- Dwarf Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens ‘Suffruticosa’): Also known as English dwarf boxwood or edging boxwood, this variety has a slow growth rate and a small, compact form. It is commonly used for low hedges, borders, and formal knot gardens.
- Green Velvet Boxwood (Buxus ‘Green Velvet’): This hybrid variety is a cross between Korean boxwood and English boxwood. It has a rounded, compact form and dark green leaves. Green Velvet boxwood is popular for its tolerance to winter cold and heat stress.
These are just a few examples of the many boxwood varieties available. Each variety has its own growth habits, leaf sizes, and tolerances, allowing for various options when choosing boxwood for specific landscape needs. It’s recommended to consult with local nurseries or horticulture experts to determine the best boxwood variety for your region and desired application.
How to Grow and Prune Boxwood?
Boxwood is grown in moist, rich soil and partially shaded areas that receive sun. It usually grows healthy in sunny places in the morning and partial shade in the afternoon. It also has the ability to grow in full shade areas. However, boxwoods grown in these areas are more voluminous.