What zones do thyme grow in?
Thyme, is a semi-shrubby herb that gives out a fresh lemon aroma. It was initially used as a condiment for various dishes as well as for medicinal purposes. It is widely used in perfumery nowadays due to its high essential oil contents, but it is also used as an ornamental plant that can adorn any garden landscape. Thyme is a plant of the cloverfoot family. It’s a pretty complicated sort of genus. It is classified as a small herb of small stature and semi-shrubs that have a pronounced aromatic effect. The grass stems are woody. They can be straight or recumbent. The height of the shrub does not exceed 35 centimetres. The flowers are formed into heads or resemble panicles. They are placed at the ends of the flower stalks.
Medicinal and decorative features
- Marshall’s thyme. (Thymus Marschallianus) It is used as a treatment for the eye diseases.
- Thyme creeper. (Thymus serpillum) The planting and maintenance will be useful later for treating colds and coughs, and for stomach aches and pains, in order to improve their indigestion.
- The typical thyme (Thýmus vulgáris) This type was specially cultivated. Used for treating rhinitis, colds, pancreatitis and gastritis. Thyme tea is an excellent antiseptic. This species of thyme is used to decorate the grounds in flowerbeds.
- Lemon thyme. ( (Thymus Limonnyj) The leaves have a greenish-yellow colour and the plant has a nice lemony scent.
How to care for thyme? How to Grow Thyme?
Be sure you weed and gently loosen all your crops. Thyme needs a lot of sun and likes well- drained soils. Water the thyme, but don’t overwater. To avoid soil dryness, however, souring of the soil will also be avoided. Thyme is winter hardy, but you should cover it with fallen birch leaves. It is best to apply the first fertiliser in early spring using the urea method. In the second year, thyme can be supplemented in spring with liquid cowpea and mineral fertiliser. It is important to know that thyme does not like the fresh manure. They are not particularly affected by the cold and remain fresh in summer and winter.
Does thyme need a lot of light?
What conditions do thyme like? What kind of light do you use for thyme? Varieties with green leaves should be grown in a well-lit location with a shade from direct sunlight. The variegated types will become discoloured if there is a small lack of light, so these plants need sunbathing in the morning and evening, every day. It is a plant that loves sunshine, but it has the ability to droop and become withered in winter cold. In winter, it should be placed in front of the window in the kitchen due to the effects of frost. Very often during the winter months, the above-ground part of the plant shrivels and withers, but in spring the thyme will revive again.
How often do thyme need to be watered? Can thyme be overwatered? Thyme is known as a drought-tolerant plant and you should be careful not to over-water it. If the summer is not too dry, the plant should not be watered at all. Natural rainfall will be sufficient for thyme also. In dry weather, watering is also possible, but without any particular fervour, although it is possible to increase the amount of water during the growing and flowering periods. After planting the thyme plants, they should be watered especially during the first year when the soil is completely dry. The bottom of the pot should definitely have a holes in it. Thyme does not like too much water, because the water accumulated in the pot can rot your plant.
Where is the best place to plant thyme? The soil around the thyme shrubs should be friable and have a good water and air permeability. So periodically loose it. It is especially important in the early years of its development. At the same time, remove all the emerging weeds. The thyme plant grows well in almost any soil, but you can support its development by balanced watering in spring or autumn.
How is thyme produced?
How do I farm thyme? Plants with green leaves can easily be produced from seed and variegated leaves can be cultivated through vegetative propagation, such as partitioning, cuttings and grafts.
Production of thyme with seeds: Due to the small size of the seeds, it is better to sow thyme in seedlings. The best sowing time is in the middle of March. The subsoil is composed from 1 part peat and 1 part sand and is well consolidated and moistened. The seeds are generally planted scattered, in a shallow position, and then gently moistened in a sprayer with a very thin dispersion. Then cover the pot with a transparent lid or cling film and leave it indoors in a light place and keep it at the room temperature. Do not forget to keep the soil moist till the germination.
Growing thyme by cuttings: You can also cut the thyme throughout the growing season. The cuttings are usually about 5-8 centimetres long. According to the variety: the low-growing ones are shorter, the high-growing ones are longer. You can dip the cuttings into rooting agent before the rooting process. This will allow them to develop their own roots much more easily. If you are planting them into the open air, you shouldn’t do it in a sunny area directly. It is better to choose a small area in the semi-shadow. Make sure the soil in this area is well loosened, and you can add a bit of sand if it is necessary. After the planting, water the soil and cover the cuttings with a transparent cover. The thyme cuttings begin to grow roots after 2 or 3 weeks. Does thyme spread easily?
Propagating thyme by splitting the bush: If there is a familiar donor bush, it can be dug up in the spring or autumn and divided into clumps. It is advisable that each part should have some roots. The new shrubs will root well as long as they are cared for (watering).
Using the thyme sprouts: If you are going to use the thyme seedlings, you should keep enough distance between the plants to ensure their longevity. You can sow the seedlings by determining the spacing according to the size of your pot or you can sow them individually in the medium-sized pots.
How do you pick and preserve thyme? Can you pick thyme when it flowers?
You can harvest the thyme during the flowering period: from the end of June to the beginning of the August. Remember if we cut the plants too short and harvest them, they will not be protected against the winter cold and may be damaged by the cold. It is usually dried in well- ventilated rooms with a special metal roof or in the shade in a specially equipped shelter.
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