The quince tree does not like damp, windy weather. Its fruits are damaged by a disease called manilya. Quince is a late blooming fruit. If it is exposed to frosts in spring, it will not bear fruit. The soil conditions for growing quince should be as follows. Quince grown in sandy – moisture-free soils will not bear good fruit. Quince does not like calcareous, heavy and permeable soil structure. Apart from this, it grows everywhere. It is necessary to water in areas that need water.
Is the UK climate suitable for quince?
Quince is less resistant to cold than apples and pears. For this Care must be taken when choosing a garden site. Quince likes temperate climates close to the sea. Extreme winter cold and continental climate. Fruit quality deteriorates in such regions. Winter of this species cold demand is less than apple and pear (1000 hours). This is due to but the reason why it blooms later than these species is because the formation of a shoot and then flowering. However, the quince first forms a shoot and then flowers at the end of it in spring. It is an advantage where late frosts are dangerous. Although quince is also grown in some cold regions, the desired fruit quality is not achieved and the flesh is too hard. Also quince It also dislikes extremely humid and windy climates. In such areas, commercial quince orchards should not be established.
How to prepare the best soil for quince in the UK? Except for soils that are too heavy, excessively calcareous and too permeable. Quince cultivation can be easily done in many soil types if regular irrigation is done. Soil pH should be neutral or slightly acidic. Although it grows easily in many soil types, it likes nutrient-rich, permeable, sandy-clay and warm soils. Trees grow fast in light character soils but have a shorter lifespan than trees grown in heavy soils. Excessive calcareous and cold soils are the last to be considered for quince.
Watering quince in the UK
To ensure a healthy development of trees, regular and high quality fruit irrigation is absolutely necessary in order to achieve this. During irrigation Excessive water and irrigation water touching the trunk of the tree should be avoided. It is useful to install drip or mini-sprinkler systems as much as possible. Avoid keel and furrow system irrigation.
Pruning a quince tree in England
In quince cultivation, pruning starts with the purchase of seedlings. In pruning, mostly Goble, which is close to the natural growth form of quince. (Vase, Bowl) or modified variations of this shape (for ease of application). Especially more In warmer climates, it is beneficial to apply a system close to the culm-branched shape (as the years progress, the culm-branch dominance disappears). Shape pruning applied to trees is mainly done in the first 5-7 years. Subsequent pruning is aimed at maintaining the shape and yield. The proportions of flower and leaf eyes in yield pruning care should be taken to maintain the physiological balance between the two. Again, during yield pruning, quince trees should not be pruned unless necessary. Do not make a drastic cut on annual shoots such as those of stone fruits (peach, nectarine, etc.). If necessary, some shoots Some should be cut from the bottom and some should be shortened. Yield pruning should be done regularly every year according to the development strength of the tree. should be done. For the physiological balance of trees, young trees are usually lightly, older trees are pruned a little harder. Can quince be grown in the UK? Is quince popular in the UK?
When does a quince tree bear fruit in the UK?
Quince harvest varies according to varieties and regions, usually the second of September half or in October. Harvesting is done manually and carefully to prolong the storage life of the fruit. must be done in some way. In addition, late harvest in quince, shortening the storage life of the fruit has a direct impact on it. This Therefore, timely harvesting is important. Yield per tree 60-100 kg In the UK, the average quince harvest from a tree is 15 – 20 kg. Choosing a suitable soil for growing quince trees in the UK? >>
Quince tree in England
What is a Quince Tree? Information about Quince Tree; It is one of the trees belonging to the Rosaceae family. Quince tree is located in Turkey the most in the world. Quince tree, which is a tree that loves mild climate, is among the tree species that are easy to grow. Quince tree likes permeable soils more and grows better in these soils. It is also very resistant to cold climate conditions. After Turkey, the country that produces the most quince in the world is China with 125 thousand tons. Quince is a very rich fruit in terms of nutritional value. The homeland of quince is considered to be the Caspian Sea and its surroundings. Quince production has been carried out in Anatolia for many years and Quince trees are grown. Quince can be grown in England according to suitable soil and climate conditions.
Where can quince grow in the UK?
Quince (Cydonia oblonga) is a fruit-bearing tree that can be grown in various regions of the United Kingdom. Quince trees are hardy and adaptable, but they prefer certain growing conditions to thrive. Here are some considerations for growing quince in the UK:
- Climate: Quince trees are best suited to regions with a temperate climate. They require a certain amount of winter chill to initiate flowering and fruiting. In the UK, quince trees can be successfully grown in most parts of England, Wales, and southern regions of Scotland and Northern Ireland.
- Sunlight: Quince trees require full sun exposure to produce abundant fruit. Choose a location in your garden that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight per day.
- Soil: Quince trees prefer well-draining soils that are rich in organic matter. They can tolerate a range of soil types, but they thrive in slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.
- Shelter: Quince trees benefit from some shelter from strong winds. If your garden is prone to strong winds, consider planting the tree near a wall, fence, or other windbreak to protect it.
- Pollination: Most quince varieties are self-fertile, meaning they can set fruit without cross-pollination from another quince tree. However, having another quince tree or a compatible pear tree nearby can increase pollination and potentially improve fruit set.
- Pruning and Training: Quince trees benefit from regular pruning to maintain their shape, promote airflow, and encourage fruiting. Pruning is usually done in late winter or early spring when the tree is dormant. Quince trees can be trained as open-center or modified central leader forms, depending on your preferred shape.
- Disease and Pest Control: Quince trees can be susceptible to certain diseases and pests, including fire blight, leaf spot, and aphids. Regular monitoring, proper sanitation, and using organic or chemical treatments as needed can help manage these issues.
Given these considerations, quince trees can be grown in various parts of the UK, including southern England, Wales, and parts of Scotland and Northern Ireland with suitable growing conditions. It’s always recommended to choose quince varieties that are well-adapted to your specific region and consult with local horticultural resources or garden centers for advice on the most suitable cultivars for your area.