Tulip is a bulbous plant. It can grow naturally in the mountainous regions of Anatolia, the Caucasus and the Himalayas at altitudes up to 4000 meters. Dry in summer and can live naturally in regions with hot winters and cold and humid winters. Natural tulips have been hybridized to produce a wide variety of tulips. Today there are 5544 varieties There are tulip species. Of these, only 20 varieties have commercial value.
How to grow tulip bulbs in Hungary?
Tulip bulbs are grown in stoneless, permeable, sandy-loamy, lime-free soils should be produced. The pH of the soil should be 7 on average. The soil should be well cultivated and should not be planted in the area. The altitude of onion production areas should be high, and in winter cold and snowy places are recommended for production. By analyzing the soil, the plant The fertilizers it needs should be applied to the soil. In production to obtain tulip bulbs, planting in rows in October – November is applied. Planting depth should be adjusted according to the soil structure. The average depth should be 8-10 cm. It can live naturally in regions that are hot, cold and humid in winter. Natural tulips have been hybridized to produce a wide variety of tulips. Today there are 5544 varieties There are tulip species. Of these, only 20 varieties have commercial value.
Tulip Propagation Techniques
Soğanları hastalık ve zararlılardan korumak için ilaçlama yapılmalıdır. Hastalıklı bitkiler sökülmeli ve ortamdan uzaklaştırılmalıdır. Lale soğanları uygun şekilde bakılmalıdır. Yabani otlar ve farklı türler Soğanlar kökleri ile birlikte sökülmeli, ortamdan uzaklaştırılmalı ve imha edilmelidir. Soğanlarda bulunan besinler bitkinin çiçek ve tohum oluşumunda kullanılmalıdır. kullanılmalarını önlemek için tomurcukları koparılmalı ve ortamdan uzaklaştırılmalıdır. Ayrıca sökme işlemi son dönemde bitkinin toprak üstü kısımlarına merdane benzeri aletlerle bastırılarak yapılır. Bu şekilde soğanların büyümesine izin verilir. Could tulips be Hungary’s national flower? >>
How to care for tulips in Hungary?
Watering: It is important to irrigate the soil where tulip plants are grown. The soil is constantly moist should be ensured to remain. However, chlorinated water should not be used. Chlorine can cause the plant to the tulips. Tulips are watered with drip irrigation.
Fertilization After the necessary soil analyzes are made and the nutrients required by the plant It is recommended to fertilize after determining the amounts. Generally 2-3 a week before fertilizing with ammonium sulfate in the calculation of 40 k. compound fertilizer.
Pests of tulip plants; Diseases and Pests Before tulip bulbs are planted in the soil, they are tested against various disease agents. should be sprayed. The bulbs should be kept in the prepared medicine for a while. The most important diseases seen in tulips are as follows:
Tulip root blight: A disease caused by a fungus called Pythium. Two weeks after planting then the damage starts to appear. The disease rapidly increases when the temperature rises above 16 0C. develops. Temperature, 100 or lower temperatures, the disease does not occur. Disease agent soil disinfection should be done before planting, as it comes from the soil.
Rhizoctonia : Another disease agent in tulips is the fungus rhizoctonia. This fungus also causes disease on leaves. Brown leaves, especially during sprouting form spots or streaks. Deep planting should be avoided to prevent this disease. Spraying should be done when the disease is seen.
Botrytis cinerea: Another fungal disease is caused by “botrytis cinerea” disease. This disease can be found in the soil where tulips were previously grown, such as tomatoes, peppers, chrysanthemums, etc. plants are cultivated. The disease agent causes yellowing of leaves and bulbs causes rotting. To prevent this disease, soil disinfection before planting is required.
Stalk breakage: In this disease, spots appear on the stem. Stems from these spots it breaks easily. The cause of the disease is high humidity. To prevent the disease, the humidity in the greenhouse It should be ensured that it does not exceed 90%.
Rhizoctonia tuliparum: Dirty white to red on tulip bulbs and stem form 1 mm – 1 cm tubers until brown. Onions are transverse brown rings appear when cut. The stems rot and fall over. With this disease For control, it is necessary to carry out soil sterilization before planting.
Weed Control for Tulip Growing; As in all plants, there is a weed problem in tulip cultivation. Weed problem can be eliminated by hand cleaning.
Information about tulips growing in Italy
Tulips Latin : Tulipa sp Family : Liliaceae Homeland : Asia Location : Outdoor Group : Seasonal Flowers Description : Leaves close to the root, green, narrow or broad, ribbon-shaped. It has simple or alternate flowers that bloom in spring at the end of a sturdy stem. While yellow and red in natural species, tulip flowers in cultivated species are obtained in many colors, including plain and variegated or even dark blue tulip flowers close to black. Light Demand: Prefers partial shade. Temperature Request: Likes cool environments. Soil Request: It is a plant that can grow in all kinds of soil. Water Request: It is watered in appropriate amounts provided that it finds enough nutrients; however, it should be watered regularly during the flowering period. Production: Produced as bulbousr. What time of year is best for tulips? >>