Ivy (lat. Hedera) of the Araliaceae family is a climbing evergreen shrub that reaches a natural height of 30 metres. There are about fifteen species of ivy that grow in the subtropics of Europe, Asia, Africa and both Americas, mainly in shady, damp forests. Ivy has been known throughout history: In ancient Greece it was an emblem of fun and love, a plant of Bacchus himself – poets wore ivy wreaths at feasts and celebrations. Evergreen ivy was also popular as a medicinal plant. Modern designers actively use ivy in floristic design as well as in the design of rooms and gardens. Ivy is also popular as a houseplant as even a novice florist or child can take care of it.
Brief information about Epipremnum aureum
The most common species of indoor ivy is Hedera helix with a climbing stem and dense brushes of aerial roots on the lower side of the stem, which are used by Hedera helix to attach onto its support. The leaves of this species are alternate, simple, glossy, leathery, lobed, dark green with lighter veins, but there are also variegated forms. An ivy leaf can have from three to seven lobes. Small, greenish- yellow flowers are arranged in umbrella-like, corymb-like or brush-like inflorescences. You will not see them, however, as ivy does not bloom at home and therefore you will not have to collect ivy seeds. Ivy comes in over a hundred varieties, varying in size, leaf shape and colour.
Benefits of the Epipremnum aureum plant
For many years ivy has been known since the beginning of mankind for its medicinal properties in traditional medicine. Ivy is also used as a raw material for medicines and cosmetics. It is proven by scientists that the substances contained in the wood successfully relieve spasms, and the plant’s wood is used to treat acute bronchitis. Ivy leaves have antifungal, antitumour, antibacterial and expectorant properties. Softening gels made from ivy leaves and wood are used as a complementary medicine in the therapy of purulent dermatoses, obesity and cellulite.
How to care for Epipremnum aureum ivy plant?
Ivy is a fairly easy plant to look after, so you can grow this evergreen in your garden by yourself. As long as you follow simple rules for growing and optimal conditions, you will be able to grow a magnificent creeper to adorn fences and pergolas or to spread a lush green carpet over your garden lawn.
It prefers shade but is also tolerant to sunshine, can grow upright or climb on the ground, tolerates to the frost and retains moisture in its foliage. How do you care for pothos plants?
The further north a cheddar grows, however, it is more likely to suffer from a frost. This is influenced not only by climatic conditions, but also by an excess of moisture in the soil and inadequate cover during the cold season. It is advisable, therefore, to plant the plant in spring on an elevated site, sheltered from draughts and wind, so that the seedling will have time to mature throughout the warmer months. Cuttings of the plant are often taken for planting. The soil should be moist, breathable and sufficiently organic.
- Watering: Outdoor ivy requires timely watering and the soil under the leaves should always be moist. Water the potted plant twice a week in summer and once per fortnight in
- Lighting: It is best planted in a well-lit area without direct sunlight. The mottled ivy is best
planted in a well-lit area without direct sunlight. Ivy with normal green leaves can be
planted in the shade. As the plant grows very quickly, it is best to have a support if
you want to raise it vertically so that it can twist itself upwards.
- Soil: Hedera can grow well in any soil except the clay soil. It does not allow moisture and
air to pass through, which is very important for the root system of the plant. A loose
soil with a mixture of humus is considered the best soil for planting ivy.
- Humidity: Hedera likes damp air but can tolerate even very dry weather, if it is not for a long time. Otherwise, the foliage will start to turn yellow and fall off. To prevent this, moisten the liana with regular spraying. This is valid for both outdoor and domestic ivy plants.
- Outdoor ivy requires timely watering and the soil underneath the leaves should always be moist. Water the potted plant twice a week in summer and once every two weeks in winter.
- Temperature: Ivy does not like dry and hot air, the best temperature for the plant is 22-24 ºC. In winter time Ivy can feel well in a cool room with a temperature not lower than 13 ºC, but if it is located near a heating device, the leaves on the stems will grow with large gaps, which makes it unattractive, so Ivy care from time to time includes not only timely watering, but also daily spraying of the leaves with soft, clear water.
Is a pothos plant easy to care for?
Epipremnum aureum flower care, Garden Ivy should be fertilised for normal development, especially after planting on a plot or after replanting in a new pot. The plant needs pruning to encourage shoot growth and maintain its ornamental qualities. After the winter, remove any shoots that have not survived over the winter, but not as soon as the summer, when the sap stops flowing in the shoots. In this way, the plant will experience the procedure as painlessly as possible.
How is Epipremnum aureum (pothos) plant propagated?
How to cultivate Pothos. Plants can be propagated vegetatively by cuttings, shoots and grafts.
- Propagating with apical cuttings: Cut off the ends of shoots about ten centimetres long from ivy, plant them in a mixture of sand and leafy soil, cover them with a transparent cover – a plastic bag or glass jar – and keep them at 15-20ºC, keeping the soil moist but not wet. Cuttings that have taken roots before planting will root best. After taking roots, graft the cuttings into pots with adult ivy potting soil mix, one at a time. Ivy cuttings also root very well in water.
- Propagating by shoots: There is a way to grow several shoots from a single one. To do this, cut off a whole ivy shoot with eight to ten leaves, make a longitudinal incision along it, lay the shot on the sand with the incision facing down and press it into a depth of 1.5-2 cm, leaving the leaves above the soil. During germination, make sure that the soil is moist. Within two weeks, the entire length of the shoot should develop roots, as evidenced by the growing top of the shoot. The shoot is removed from the sand, cut into sections with roots and at least one leaf and planted into a single 7-9 cm pot, three at a time.
- Propagation by branches: How to grow ivy from a graft? It is the same as a shoot, except you do not separate the shoot from the mother plant before starting the process and do not press it into the soil, but make a longitudinal cut on it and press it into the ground with staples. Separate the offshoot when roots appear all over the shoot and transplant it into a separate pot.
What are Epipremnum aureum plant pests?
Diseases of Pothos Ivy is a fairly disease-resistant plant. The Ivy usually suffers only if it is chronically neglected in the growing conditions. For example, Ivy variegated plants tend to lose their colour and turn green in the absence of light, chronically dry substrate can cause leaf breakage, or too dry indoor air can cause bald, sparse and runny foliage. Ivy can also be infested by pests such as aphids, scales, cyclamen or spider mites due to carelessness. All of them usually appear on the plant if the humidity in the room is too low.