Geraniums, or pelargoniums, are the popular houseplant that are commonly kept in our flats, flowerbeds, patios and gardens. Pelargonium belongs to the geranium family and it grows in the South of Africa in the wild. It was brought to Europe at the end of the fifteenth century. The Pelargonium is a direct relative of two varieties of geraniums: the common geranium and the meadow geranium. All flowers commonly cultivated at home are called by botanists the common term “indoor geraniums”. The name geranium itself actually has Greek roots and translates as ” crane” or ” stork”. It takes its name from the shape of its fruit, which resembles a bird’s beak. Interestingly, the Germans call it the stork’s beak and the Americans and English have nicknamed it as the cranebill.
What is special about geraniums? Where are geranium flowers from?
Pelargoniums are useful flowers to keep at home and include annual and perennial herbaceous plants that grow up to 60 centimetres. The leaf laminae of the crop have a tufted surface with a split structure that is quite soft to the touch. The inflorescences are represented by several buds gathered in groups of five. The petals can be velvety or plain and the colours are red, lilac, white and blue. Pelargonium is a popular plant among the gardeners because of its beautiful buds and long flowering period, as well as their persistence. Geraniums, or pelargoniums, have over a hundred different types. Among indoor geraniums, the most popular are the red, white, scented, ampelina and royal pelargoniums. Someone who does not like the fragrance of the ordinary geranium might like the fragrant geranium, whose different varieties produce aromas of mint, nutmeg, lemon, apple and rose.
Geranium Flower Latin name; Pelargonium zonale. Geranium Flower Features; The homeland of geranium flowers is South Africa. There are nearly 400 varieties of geranium in nature. It is possible to state that the flower is perennial. It is a kind of shrub that grows in herbaceous or semi-woody form. Colored geraniums can be layered or single layered. Geraniums are balcony flowers.
How do you keep geraniums flowering?
Geraniums can generally be considered as an unpretentious plant, but they have a number of requirements that are important to consider. The large-flowered pelargonium is especially fickle.
How to water geranium flower? Geraniums grow well with regular watering. The main thing is not to over-water so that the soil does not become waterlogged. Also avoid getting any moisture on the greenery. It is best to water the plant with clarified or simply standing water but rain water can also do the job. During the resting period, water it only needs to be reduced for a half. There is no need to moisten the shrub as the pelargonium likes dry air.
Does geraniums like sun or shade? Geraniums are extremely light-loving flowers. It is one of the few flowering houseplants that can be safely left in direct sunlight and will benefit even more from it. Low lighting will make the shrub infrequent and poorly flowering. Gardeners advise periodically rotating the pelargonium pot around its axis so that the bush develops more evenly. In late autumn and winter, when the daylight hours become short, geraniums should be additionally illuminated with lamps, otherwise the leaves will begin to grow dull. Pelargoniums are very well adapted to our room conditions. In summer the temperature can be between 20-25 °C and in winter 10-15 °C. Keep the shrub away from draughts.
What soil is suitable for geranium? House geraniums grow well in a neutral or slightly alkaline soil. To reduce the acidity of the soil, you can add some ash to the substrate, which is also a good fertiliser. In general, the plant is undemanding for a nutritious soil. A well ventilated and friable substrate is not even necessary. The main thing is to have a good drainage to avoid stagnation.
What should the humidity of geranium be? Dry air is also bad for the plant but geraniums dislike spraying. A container of water next to the plant or a special humidifier is sufficient to provide proper overwintering care. Too dry air and high temperatures do not allow the pelargonium to regain its strength for the new season and often you will see pale green elongated branches which are not able to flower abundantly in spring instead of a lush, shiny bush.
How to care for geranium flowers?
The plant needs to be pruned in spring. Young pelargoniums can be pruned from above leaving 4 to 8 internodes for branching. Cut back adult geraniums to improve their appearance by removing elongated stems, yellowed leaves and diseased branches. Strong pruning is not necessary – a decorative shaping will be sufficient. To get a profusely flowering plant, it should be transplanted to a pot with a small diameter. In a large pot, the pelargonium develops and grows better but produces fewer flowers. Transplant geraniums if necessary: whenever they have outgrown the pot or need a new substrate.
Geraniums can be propagated in two ways: by cuttings and seeds. The first is the most popular because they grow quickly. Seed propagation is used to produce plants that are more hardy and produce an excellent flowering habit. Geranium seeds are small and elongated. The germination is not very high and you should plant a lot of seeds. Sow superficially in a moist, well- drained substrate. The first shoots appear within a month.
What are geranium plant pests?
Geraniums are susceptible to diseases such as blackleg and rust. These are fungal diseases that are the result of improper care. Overwatering, stagnant water and the creation of a greenhouse effect all contribute to the development of the diseases. Removing the damaged areas and providing the plants with optimum conditions for healing can stop and eliminate the spread of the disease.
Geranium Flower Benefits
Geranium flower; It has a calming effect. With its scent, it helps to refresh the place where it is located. Geranium flowers, which clean the polluted air, help to clean the polluted air. However, geraniums offer a more comfortable living space. The leaves of geranium flowers are perfect for wound closure. In addition, the juice of the leaves allows the skin to rejuvenate. It helps to clean the liver and kidney. Individuals with sinusitis are recommended to grow geraniums at home. This ornamental plant, which is a natural pain reliever, provides a milder relief from winter diseases such as colds and flu. Geranium flowers, which facilitate the removal of edema accumulated in the body, also facilitate the elimination of edema in the body.