Turkish walnut, also known as Circassian walnut or European walnut, originates from the region of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Despite its name, it is not exclusively limited to Turkey. The tree species Juglans regia, commonly referred to as English walnut or Persian walnut, is the primary source of Turkish walnut.
The distribution of Turkish walnut extends beyond Turkey and includes countries such as Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Iran, and parts of Central Asia. These regions have favorable climates and suitable growing conditions for walnut cultivation.
Turkish walnut is highly regarded for its exceptional wood quality, particularly for its attractive grain patterns and rich, dark color. The wood is sought after for use in furniture making, cabinetry, gunstocks, and other high-end woodworking applications.
It’s important to note that Turkish walnut can refer to both the tree species and the wood produced from it. The name “Turkish walnut” primarily signifies the region of origin and the historical association of high-quality walnut wood with that area.
Walnut tree species growing in Turkey
Turkey is home to several walnut tree species. The primary species found in Turkey is the Juglans regia, commonly known as English walnut or Persian walnut. This species is widely cultivated for its edible nuts as well as for its high-quality timber.
In addition to Juglans regia, other walnut species that can be found in Turkey include:
- Juglans nigra: Also known as Eastern black walnut, this species is native to North America but has been introduced and cultivated in certain regions of Turkey. It is primarily grown for its timber and nuts.
- Juglans sigillata: This species, commonly known as the iron walnut or Japanese walnut, is native to parts of Asia, including Turkey. It is less common compared to Juglans regia but can be found in certain regions of the country.
- Juglans mandshurica: Also referred to as Manchurian walnut or Korean walnut, this species is native to East Asia. It has been introduced and cultivated in Turkey for its timber and nuts.
These walnut species vary in their characteristics, including nut size, flavor, and growth habits. Juglans regia, being the most widely cultivated species, is typically preferred for commercial walnut production in Turkey.
When does walnut bear fruit in Turkey?
Walnut trees in Turkey typically bear fruit in late summer to early autumn. The exact timing can vary depending on various factors, including the specific walnut variety, local climate, and growing conditions. Generally, walnut trees in Turkey begin to produce flowers in late spring, typically in May. Following pollination, the nuts start to develop and mature over the summer months.
The fruiting period for walnuts in Turkey typically occurs from late August to early October, with harvest taking place during this time. It’s important to note that the exact timing of fruiting can vary between different regions within Turkey due to variations in climate and local growing conditions.
For commercial walnut production, the harvest time is determined based on the maturity of the nuts. Mature walnuts are characterized by a fully formed kernel inside the shell and a firm, dry hull that has split open. Harvesting at the right time ensures optimal nut quality and flavor.
It’s worth noting that specific walnut varieties may have different fruiting times, and factors such as altitude and microclimates can also influence the exact timing of fruiting. Local agricultural resources, extension services, or experienced walnut growers in the specific region of Turkey can provide more precise information about the fruiting season for walnuts in that area. What are the walnut trees grown in Turkey? >>