The Republic of Turkmenistan is located in the south of Central Asia, on the coast of the Caspian Sea. Uzbekistan in the northeast, Kazakhstan in the northwest, Iran in the south and southeast It borders Afghanistan. With an area of ​​488,100 km, it is the largest of the group of independent states. fourth state. The Black Sand desert covers 80% of the country.

The three main rivers of the country are Ceyhun (Amudarya, 2,620 km), Tejen (1,150 km) and Murgab (978 km). The Karakum canal plays a vital role in the agricultural sector with its 1,100 km length. of the population half of it is concentrated on the canal bank. Turkmen Natural Gas >>

Natural resources of Turkmenistan

  • Oil,
  • Natural gas,
  • Sulfur
  • Salt (main natural resources.)
Natural resources of Turkmenistan

The country has significant gas and oil reserves. Major gas reserves of the country It is located in the Amuderya basin in the east. Gas reserves also near the Caspian Sea has. Turkmenistan ranks second after Russia in natural gas production is coming.

Turkmenistan presents ambitious projects for the development of hydrocarbon industry. By 2030, natural gas production will reach 250 billion cubic meters per year, and crude oil production will increase to 250 billion cubic meters per year. It is aimed to increase it to 110 million tons.

Water resources have been used inefficiently. Amuderya, the longest river in Central Asia, is located in Turkmenistan. passes to the east. In the south of the country, the Tedzhen river flows. However, these rivers Due to the fact that they are located on the borders of the country, only 3.5% of the country’s land is arable. Agricultural production is almost entirely based on irrigation. Faulty irrigation practices caused a large amount of water loss. Provision of free water to households is also wasteful use have contributed to the depletion of water resources. Turkmenistan’s most profitable natural resources >>

Information on Turkmenistan’s natural resources

Turkmenistan is known for its abundant natural resources, which play a significant role in the country’s economy. Here is information on some of Turkmenistan’s key natural resources:

  1. Natural Gas: Turkmenistan possesses one of the world’s largest reserves of natural gas. It ranks among the top natural gas producers globally. The country’s vast gas fields, particularly the Galkynysh (formerly known as South Yolotan-Osman) field, are major contributors to its natural gas production.
  2. Oil: While not as significant as its natural gas reserves, Turkmenistan does have substantial oil reserves. The country produces a moderate amount of crude oil, primarily from fields such as the Nebitdag, Cheleken, and Korpezhe.
  3. Cotton: Turkmenistan has a long history of cotton cultivation and is known for its cotton production. Cotton is a vital agricultural resource, contributing to the country’s economy and employment.
  4. Minerals: Turkmenistan has deposits of various minerals, including sulfur, salt, gypsum, limestone, and coal. While these resources are not as extensively exploited as natural gas and oil, they still have importance for the country’s industry and economy.
  5. Water Resources: Turkmenistan has limited water resources, with the Amu Darya and the Karakum Canal being significant sources. The country relies on these water resources for agricultural irrigation and hydroelectric power generation.

It’s worth noting that the exploration, development, and utilization of Turkmenistan’s natural resources are overseen by state-owned enterprises, particularly in the energy sector. The revenues generated from the export of natural gas and oil are crucial to the country’s economy.

However, the diversification of the economy and reducing reliance on hydrocarbon resources have been identified as priorities for Turkmenistan’s long-term development plans. Efforts are being made to explore and develop alternative sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism to promote economic growth and stability.

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