First of all, in the United States, we will propose several techniques for specific fruit pruning. There are 4 types of plant pruning techniques. We will give detailed information about 4 different types of pruning. First of all, let me examine why we prune plants. Fruit by regulating the number and distribution of main branches on the trunk trees are ensured to form a strong, regular and balanced crown. Fruit trees are helped to produce crops as soon as possible. It is ensured that the tree makes good use of sunlight. With pruning, fruit size, fruit quality and fruit peel coloration increases. Tree size and density of branches can be directly controlled. The effectiveness of spraying can be increased. Diseased and dry branches can be removed to help the struggle. Necessary gaps are created for tools and equipment to work it happens.
How are plants pruned 4 different ways in America?
When pruning plants, it is essential to know which seasons to prune. The time of pruning is important for the growth of the fruit tree affects its response, yield and economic life. Pruning in winter and summer (green) can be done in two different seasons. Pruning time the mass growth of the fruit tree, its reaction to the cutting, affects its yield, physiological and economic lifespan. What is the American 4 pruning technique? Pruning winter and summer (green) in two separate and contrasting seasons. Fruit trees in many different shapes are provided. Most common in practice We can list the forms as follows.
- Tree pruning with goble technique: According to the type of tree (growth behavior and fruit the location of the eyes) full-sized and semi-dwarf The trees can be pruned into a goble shape and trained in a central leader or bush system. For which fruit trees is goble tree pruning suitable? The goble or vase-shaped pruning technique is suitable for almonds, apricots, cherries, figs, widely used for pruning nectarine, peach, plum trees. To create the goblet pruning shape, during the first growing season three majors, which will become core majors around the end of April or four branches are selected 10- on all other strong upright shoots Prune backwards from 15 cm. Goble-shaped tree pruning on adult trees, strong upright to create a tree center free of shoots, tree to reduce the size and frequency of branches includes thinning branches.
- Pruning in the shape of a spruce tree: This shape is used in all regions with low rainfall and high humidity. for fruit species and varieties. This The only difference of the shape from the tapestry is that it has a is the presence of a culminating branch. 40-60 cm from the soil immediately after planting a nail 4-5 cm long from the height and cut off. The seedlings are left to develop In the meantime, all kinds of cultural processes are carefully applied. During the summer growth period, July-August months, the first shape is given to the seedling. Sapling trunk developed with equal force on the body with 3 evenly distributed main branches in the center a pinnacle that develops and forms a continuation of the trunk branch is selected. Saplings that enter the winter rest period in this way reviewed within the period and deficiencies any errors are corrected. Then the peak and main branches are cut to a certain length. Branches 40-60 cm if they have shown an improvement over the previous year, otherwise yet remain untouched. Parallel to this, the auxiliary on branches in accordance with general principles In the third year, it is shortened, and in the third year the same practices are repeated. Only In the selection of an auxiliary branch, the selected auxiliary is also a in the opposite direction of the previous year in the crown of the tree. Symmetry and balance in the crown of the tree is ensured.
- Pyramid Shaped Tree Pruning: According to the distribution of branches on the trunk, spiral and It has two forms, the storeyed one. More vertical growth fruits such as pears, which have the characteristic of a spiral pyramid. In the spiral pyramid, the branches are arranged uniformly on the trunk. in the tiered pyramid. In a tiered pyramid, three branches form one come together, group together and form floors. The distance between the first floor and the second floor is 110 cm, the distance between the second and third floor is 100 cm, the distance between the third and fourth floor is 90 cm should be taken care of. In this way floors, reducing the distance between them by 10 cm is being created. Pyramid-shaped seedlings from a height of 60-80 cm, 3-4 Cut off, leaving a one cm nail. Spring eyes on the seedling with the development period begins to grow. During the summer growth period, in July-August, the stems are smooth on the stem. three equally distributed, equal forces of development the pinnacle that will ensure the continuity of the body with the major the branch is selected. Other branches are not cut but bent is prevented from developing by bending. Winter works carried out in summer during the development period is reviewed. If the main branches and the culminating branch there is a balance in terms of development between branches are cut above 60-80 cm. If the main branches there is an imbalance in terms of development and this imbalance can be redressed by the previously mentioned measures.
- Palmette-shaped Tree Pruning: In this way, the branches spread out on a plane. Under different influences in the world different palmette sequences have been developed. Soft and stone fruits palmette shapes that can be applied in most most widely used in our country; horizontal or a slanted palmette. The difference between the two is the angle that the main branches make with the trunk. Slope in the palmette this angle is 45°-60°, while in the horizontal palmette 90°. After the seedlings are planted, 3-5 cm nail from a height of 40-60 cm is cut off, leaving the leaves. From the spring growth period Saplings that are carefully cared for begin to develop. In July-August, the saplings are shaped. For this purpose, two main branches and a culmination branch are selected for each sapling. The development of other branches is prevented. Two main branches on each trunk on both sides, it is desirable to make a 45°-60° angle with the trunk. This is called to ensure that the garden is either equipped with a fixed wire system or that the tree branches made of willow or poplar prepared in advance are connected by herekler. During the winter rest period in summer The work that has been done is reviewed. Selected branches 60-80 cm cut to length.
What are different types of pruning? What are the four steps in pruning? What are the basic pruning techniques? How many pruning techniques are there? >>