When to prune a newly planted fruit tree? The other shoots are pruned in the summer (June – July) season, leaving 3-4 suitable eyes close to the cutting point. In this summer pruning, unnecessary gluttonous shoots protruding from the soil surface and the trunk are cut in order to increase the development of the main branches that will form the skeleton of the tree. In general, the procedures to be carried out before planting in fruit seedlings; preservation of seedlings (ditching or storage), planting pruning and soaking seedlings in medicated water can be analyzed under three main headings. Preservation of Fruit Saplings: Before planting, the seedlings are ditched or stored in warehouses and planted. should be preserved intact until the time of planting.
Trenching is the process of planting fruit saplings in their original place after they have been removed from the nursery. It is the name given to the temporary preservation of the land by burying it in the ground until it is planted. The following points should be considered when ditching: In order to prevent root decay in the saplings to be ditched, a heavy light structured soils should be preferred over clayey soils. Sapling roots should be treated with a disinfectant against diseases (Bordeaux slurry) should be dipped.
Spraying in the ditching area if deemed necessary against diseases and pests should be constructed. Trenches should be dug in the east-west direction and should have sufficient depth. The seedlings should be placed upright or slightly tilted in the trenches. Saplings, if possible should be ditched horizontally. Because in this way, both the roots come into better contact with the soil and saplings are more easily removed from the ditch. If ditching is to be done horizontally, the roots of the saplings should be directed south in cold regions, In temperate regions, it should be ditched towards the north. When ditching, care should be taken to ensure that the roots of the sapling are in full contact with the soil. should be done. When ditching, it should be ensured that there is no space between the sapling stems in branched saplings. care should be taken. Poisonous baits should be left in the trenching area against rodents such as rabbits and mice.
When should I prune my saplings?
Planting pruning; seedlings and roots that are damaged, crushed, crumbled during dismantling, cutting off broken, severed root parts from the intact part of the root, overlapping roots is a process carried out for the purpose of weeding. Therefore, pruning of seedlings before planting is required. Planting pruning should be done as follows: The strongest and properly developed old branch should be identified. This branch should be pruned over two eyes. The remaining eyes should be removed from the base. On the roots, the side roots protruding from the trunk at the vaccination site and below the vaccination point should be removed completely. If any of the taproots are injured or broken, they should be cut off. The taproots should remain about 10-20 cm depending on the size of the sapling and should be symmetrical. should be cut so that the roots are the same on all sides. Sapling roots should be shortened so that they are the same on all sides. Considering the roots as the plant’s nutrient reservoir, they should be protected from excessive cutting and abbreviations should be avoided.
Sapling Planting and Pruning
Work and Procedures to be done before planting in the garden In the orchard facility, leveling should be done before planting. Garden will be established leveling by filling empty pits with soil from higher ground if the area is not sloping is carried out. If the garden area is sloping, in addition to filling the hollow areas terracing is also necessary. If the slope of the land is not too high, terraces are created with raw soil. Terracing in gardens is usually done by building a stone wall. After the leveling process is completed, crushing is done. With the top soil layer The deep (50-75cm) cultivation and softening of the underlying subsoil is called chrysalis. Charisma can be done 4-5 months before the garden establishment or in the fall. Crumbling the soil it is more beneficial to let a winter season pass over the charisma. Chrysalis; waist, with tools called shovels or chrysalis plows. If waist and shovel are used in the chrysalis, It is done at a depth of 50 cm (two waist deep) or 75 cm (three waist deep).