what grows best in Mexico

What is the climate and vegetation in Mexico?

Mexico is a large country with diverse climates and vegetation types. Here is a general overview of the climate and vegetation in Mexico:

Climate:

  1. Tropical Climate: The southern coastal areas of Mexico, including the Yucatan Peninsula and parts of the Pacific coast, experience a tropical climate. These regions have high temperatures year-round, with hot and humid summers and mild winters.
  2. Desert Climate: In the northern parts of Mexico, particularly in the states of Sonora and Baja California, desert climates prevail. These areas have low precipitation, hot summers, and relatively mild winters.
  3. Temperate Climate: The central highland regions, including Mexico City and parts of the states of Jalisco, Michoacan, and Guanajuato, have a temperate climate. Summers are mild to warm, and winters can be cool, especially at higher elevations.
  4. Mediterranean Climate: Along the Baja California Peninsula and the coastal areas of northwest Mexico, a Mediterranean climate is present. This climate features hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.

Vegetation:

  1. Tropical Rainforests: The southern coastal areas, particularly in the states of Chiapas, Tabasco, and Quintana Roo, are home to tropical rainforests. These forests are characterized by dense vegetation, including a variety of broadleaf evergreen trees, epiphytes, and lianas.
  2. Desert Scrub: The northern regions of Mexico, such as Sonora and parts of Chihuahua, have desert scrub vegetation. This includes cacti, succulents, low shrubs, and drought-resistant plants adapted to arid conditions.
  3. Coniferous Forests: In the mountainous regions of central and northern Mexico, coniferous forests dominate. Species such as pine, fir, and spruce are found in these forests, which are adapted to the cooler temperatures and higher elevations.
  4. Grasslands: The central highland areas, including the Mexican Plateau, are characterized by grasslands, locally known as “mezquites.” These grasslands have a mix of grass species and scattered trees, including mesquite and acacia.
  5. Mangroves: Along the coastal areas, particularly in the Gulf of Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsula, mangrove forests thrive. Mangroves are salt-tolerant trees and shrubs that grow in tidal areas and provide important coastal habitats.
  6. Oak Forests: In the highland regions, particularly in the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre Occidental, oak forests are prevalent. These forests consist of various oak species along with other deciduous and evergreen trees.

Mexico’s diverse climate and topography contribute to a wide range of vegetation types, making it a biologically rich country with significant biodiversity and unique ecosystems.

South of the USA, on the Central American isthmus between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico Mexico is the third largest country in Latin America in terms of area. (1,958,128 km2). It borders the USA to the north and Guatemala and Belize to the south. The Mexican Plateau lies between the Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental mountains. The Sonora Desert lies at the north-western end of the country. Yucatan Peninsula and the Pacific from the northwest The California peninsula (Lower California), which is inserted into the ocean, spoils this view. The crab The tropic divides the country into two almost equal parts. Coastline in the east and south-east covered with a tropical plain. Most of the rivers in Mexico are shallow, short and steeply sloping. However. El Bravo del Norte (US name: Rio Grande River) and the Usumacinta River, which forms part of the Mexico-Guatemala border is different from other rivers.

In Mexico, the coastal plains are located along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico and on the Yucatan Peninsula and the Pacific It occupies an important place on the coast. The eastern coastal plains along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico wide in the north, narrowing to the south near Veracruz, then south of the Gulf of Mexico and reaching the limestone platform of the Yucatan Peninsula, suddenly ends. The plains on the Pacific coast are also wide in the north and narrow towards the south. Tehuantepec From the east of the isthmus, the plain becomes continuous once more and widens.

How does climate affect farming in Mexico?

Mexican Plateau, Sierra Madre Occidental to the west; Sierra Madre Oriental to the east, It is flanked from the south by the Sierra Volconica Transversal Mountains. Mountain on the plateau ranges, basins with elevations reaching 900 – 1200 m in the north and 2150 – 2450 m in the south separates them from each other. The western part of the mountainous terrain in southern Mexico is characterised by narrow valleys and little upland basins and the Sierra Madre Del Sur, which forms a mountain system. East part, reaching altitudes of 1850 to 2500 m, with the Chiapas Valley to the south and the gulf to the north is a plateau surrounded by a coastal plain. In the western part of this plateau, the fertile Oaxaca high landscapes. In the south of the Chiapas Valley is the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, It consists of volcanoes along the border with Guatemala, reaching 4000 m.

Baja (Lower) California Mountain range, 1300 km long and 50 to 240 km wide is a mountain covering the peninsula. Their altitudes exceed 3000 m in the north and 3000 m further south. It exceeds 2000 m. The Colorado Delta in the north-east of the peninsula is an important unit. The third high land, Baja California, is 1300 km long and 50 to 240 km wide. is a mountain covering the peninsula. Their altitudes exceed 3000 m in the north and 3000 m further south. It exceeds 2000 metres. Few rivers in northern Mexico flow all year round. The Colorado River, The Gulf of California forms a large delta at its head, but most of the water does not reach the sea as it is used for agricultural irrigation. The other major watercourse in north-western Mexico rivers Yaqui and Fijerte. The rivers flowing into the Pacific Ocean from central and southern Mexico The rivers flow through more humid areas and have more abundant water. The most important are the Santiago and Balsas.

What plants are grown in Mexico?

The most important river is the Rio Grande, which separates Mexico from the USA and flows into the Gulf of Mexico. (or Rio Bravo). Further south are Panisco, Tecolutla, Papaloapan, Grijalva and Usumacinta. Centre In the plateau, many rivers with no outlet to the sea form closed basins. Central Mexico has many large and attractive lakes. The largest is Lake Chapala, 1080 km2, near Guadalajara.

Mexico is located in the tropical zone, its climate (in the lowlands, Yucatan Peninsula) is hot and is humid and varies depending on the altitude. Lower than 750 to 900 m tropical areas constitute the warm zone and annual temperature in these places averages above 24°C. Temperate zone annual average temperature between 18° and 24°C varying and reaching heights of up to 1850 m. Most of the Mexican highlands are in this temperature zone. In the colder zone, the average annual temperature is 13° to 18°C between 10°C between 3000 and 3300 m and 0°C above 4200 and 4500 m. underneath.

Mexico climate, plants, rivers, wild animals >> The very humid Atlantic-Caribbean warm air current that occurs in the south-east in summer As a result, seasonal precipitation exceeds 1016 mm. Precipitation, north and north-westwards decreases, with rainfall falling to 130 mm at the north-western end. In northern Mexico in winter atmospheric pressure is high and relative humidity is low. Occasionally between October and January Cold front from central Canada into Mexico and over the Gulf of Mexico artefacts. The cold air crosses the Isthmus of Tehuantepec behind a stormy front. This north Frost is observed on the coastal plains during storms. In summer, the north and north-west are hot and arid. It is particularly hot near the beginning of the Gulf of California. It reaches 43°C or more at least once every 15 days every year. This is the hottest part of Mexico region.

Do wild animals live in Mexico?

What wildlife and plants are in Mexico? The very humid Atlantic-Caribbean warm air current that occurs in the south-east in summer As a result, sThe vegetation of the northern parts of Mexico and the natural animals living in the region, Similar to those in the south-west of the USA. The south of the country shares with Central America features. Pine is the most common tree in the south where conifers are common. although cedars and oaks are also found. Shrubs in the northern regions with little rainfall, cactus species are common.

What is the climate and vegetation in Mexico

As a zoogeographical element, animals such as deer, puma, lynx, jackal, skunk and oklukirpi inhabited country. In the southern rainforests of the Gulf of Mexico coast, mahogany and rosewood. In the south, opossum, tapir, a genus of hard-shelled lizard animals such as armadillos and Vipera species snakes. Mexican Plateau in the centre savannahs, grasslands and date palms.asonal precipitation exceeds 1016 mm. Precipitation, north and north-westwards decreases, with rainfall falling to 130 mm at the north-western end. In northern Mexico in winter atmospheric pressure is high and relative humidity is low. Occasionally between October and January Cold front from central Canada into Mexico and over the Gulf of Mexico artefacts. The cold air crosses the Isthmus of Tehuantepec behind a stormy front. This north Frost is observed on the coastal plains during storms. In summer, the north and north-west are hot and arid. It is particularly hot near the beginning of the Gulf of California. It reaches 43°C or more at least once every 15 days every year. This is the hottest part of Mexico region.

Maize is cultivated throughout Mexico. The country’s land is suitable for cultivation about half of its area is devoted to this plant. Beans are the second most cultivated crop. Other plants are grown on a limited amount of land. Over 800,000 hectares of land, Wheat is cultivated, especially in the irrigated valleys of the north-west and in the Central Bajio region. Sorghum production is being increased. Winter vegetables, especially in the north-west It is cultivated in the state of Sinalova. Tropical plants grow in coastal areas and in the south.