Canada; Arctic Ocean to the north, Atlantic Ocean to the east, the United States to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the US state of Alaska. surrounded by. Until the 17th century, Canada was inhabited only by Indian and Eskimo tribes, with three different indigenous populations. These are; First Nations, Inuit and Metis. The first immigrants were the French. Later, the British dominated and established colonial rule here. In 1867, with the British North America Act, the country was united under the name of the Canadian Federation and became fully independent in 1931 with the Westminster Act. Canada, formerly the Dominion of Canada, is a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories, governed by a decentralized, constitutional monarchy, established by the Confederation Act in 1867.

Landforms of Canada It is a young, young and young rock formed in the third geologic time on the west coast of Canada. the high Rocky Mountains. These mountain ranges are tributaries of the Mackenzie, Yukon and Fraser rivers. by deep valleys. In the east of the country lies the Appalachian Mountains. This area It has the appearance of a plateau without much elevation. The central parts, which make up most of the country, consist of plains descending from the edge mountains towards Hudson Bay. Canadian Shield These areas, also known as the Arctic Ocean, were shaped by the erosion and deposition of Time IV glaciers. – Canada has a large collection of islands in the Arctic Ocean. Baffin Island is the largest of these islands, some of which are glacier-covered and mountainous.

How much arable land is in Canada 2024

Located on both sides of the St. Lawrence River in southeastern Canada The depositional plains are the most fertile lands in Canada. Large lakes in the tectonic troughs on the border with the USA due to the effect of glaciers. formed. The main ones are Lakes Superior, Huron, Erie, Ontario. Canada is the country where lakes cover the largest area. In the northern territories the largest lakes are the Great Bear, Great Captive, Winnipeg, Rhine and Athabasca. Five of the world’s 40 largest rivers are in Canada. These are the Red-Nelson and Churchill, which flow into Hudson Bay. Canada’s longest river, which together with its tributaries drains an area of 1,820,000 kmĀ². Mackenzie, which collects it. Other important rivers include the Saskatchewan, St. Lawrence, Atlas Ocean and the Fraser flows into the Pacific Ocean.

Agriculture in Canada For a long time, Canada’s economy was based on agriculture, but in 1951 began to lose its importance with the increase in the number of factory workers. Main agricultural enterprises; Dairies. Animal breeding farms. Farms raising grain. Farms raising cereals and animals. Only 7.8% of Canada’s land is suitable for agriculture and 10% of the labor force works in this sector. From wheat to sugar cane, from tobacco to vegetables and fruits. all kinds of crops are grown. Canada is one of the largest wheat growing countries. Wheat exports It ranks 2nd in the world after the USA. Other crops it grows include rapeseed, corn, barley, oats. Canada is also among the countries that grow the most apples.

Soil and Vegetation of Canada

Much of Canada is dominated by conifers native to the middle belt and north. covered by forests. Areas covered by forests are part of the 38% of the country. The coniferous forest belt that crosses the country from Newfoundland to the Alaskan border is the first in the world in terms of size. ranks in the middle of this belt. In the north of this belt, the barren soils of glaciation areas only tundra is found on it. From the Great Lakes basin to the St. Lawrence Valley and the Atlantic Ocean forest cover in the east, extending to the plains on the coast Oak, chestnut, elm, maple on the plains surrounding Lake Erie, forms deciduous leaves like walnuts. Maple leaf is the country’s national is a symbol.

Population 34.100.000 (2010) Average life expectancy: 79.56 years male 76.16 years woman 83.13 years Annual population growth: 1.09 Number of births: 1.6/woman Infant mortality rate: 5.4/1000 Ethnic breakdown: British 40%, French 27%, other Europeans 20%, American Indians 1.5%, others (mostly Asian) 11.5%. Language: English 59.3% (official) French 23.2% (official) other 17.5% Religion: Catholic 45%, Protestant 40%, Anglican (Church of England Christian) 8%, etc. In Canada, 77.1% of the population lives in cities. Border with the USA region is the most densely populated area. Among the provinces, only Prince Edward Island has a rural population. are in the majority. St. Lawrence and the Ontarian Peninsula; the most industrialized and urbanized are densely populated. Urbanization is more pronounced in the western parts of the country, where the largest two cities are Toronto (5.1 million) and Montreal (3.6 million), The population of the capital Ottawa is around 1.2.

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