If a plum sapling is planted with classical rootstock, it will start to bear fruit in 3-4 years, if it is semi-dwarf or dwarf rootstock, it will start to bear fruit in 1-2 years. In gardens with semi-dwarf or dwarf rootstock plum saplings, you can get products earlier and get more crops per decare. It can be said that plum grows in cold temperate climates and even in subtropical climates (some varieties with low chilling requirements). In addition to the large number of species, thanks to the opportunities provided by different ecological regions in our country, it is possible to see plums in the market for 4-5 months starting from April 15.
The climatic demands of plum species are different from each other. Among the existing species, it is P. cerasifera that can best adapt to different climatic conditions. European plum (P. domestica) is a cold temperate fruit with relatively cold winters. Japanese plums (P. salinica) do well in colder regions. Deep tillage should be avoided as the plum roots are spread close to the soil surface. What is a plum tree? In how many years does the plum tree bear fruit? General information about the plum tree. Due to the multitude of subspecies with different characteristics in plum cultivation, the climate their requests differ from each other. Japanese plums bloom 10-15 days earlier than European plums. It is more likely to be damaged by spring frosts.
What kind of plums are the sweetest?
- Black Beauty
- Blue Free
- Black Giant
- Black Amber
- Golden Plumza
- Queen Rosa
- Original Sun
- Bella Di Barbiano
- TC Sun
- Zanzi Sun
- Globe Sun
Diseases of the plum tree
It produces sparsely branched, sometimes upright, sometimes broad and sometimes drooping-crowned trees. Trees can rise up to 12 m. It is usually spineless. What does fungus look like on a plum tree? What does plum pox look like? Why does my plum tree look like it’s dying? What is the best fungicide for plum trees?
- Monilia laxa
- Coryyneum beijerinckiix Oudem
- Taphrina pruni
- Agrobacterium tumefaciens
- Rosellinia necatrix frill
- Pseudomonas syringae Van hall
- Panonychus ulmi
- Capnodis tenebrionis
- Quadraspidiotus prniciosus comst
- Laspeyresia funebrana Tr
- Hoplocampa fiave L., Hoplocampa minuta Christ., Hoplocampa
- Hyponomeuta padelius variabilis. Zell, H. Padellus, H. Padella
The climatic demands of plum species are different from each other. Among the existing species, it is P. cerasifera that can best adapt to different climatic conditions. European plum (P. domestica) is a cold temperate fruit with relatively cold winters. Japanese plums (P. salinica) do well in colder regions. Deep tillage should be avoided as the plum roots are spread close to the soil surface.
What is the best time to fertilize fruit trees?
What is best fertilizer for plum trees? What nutrients does a plum tree need? The amount of fertilizer to be given to plum trees varies according to the nutrient status in the soil, the type of soil, the age of the trees, the amount of product taken, the ecological region and the development status of the trees. Determining the amount of fertilizer to be given according to leaf and soil analysis is the most appropriate method.
Nitrogenous fertilizers should be given at the end of winter before spring development begins. It is not recommended to apply nitrogen fertilizer after mid-June.
European Plums; It produces sparsely branched, sometimes upright, sometimes broad and sometimes drooping-crowned trees. Trees can rise up to 12 m. It is usually spineless. Flower buds are large, brown and pointed. The fruits are generally long, egg-shaped, sweet, less juicy and easy to remove from the core flesh are separated.
Japanese Plums; It is dense or sparsely branched. Trees reach 6-7 m high. There are dense or sparsely branched varieties. No feathers are seen on young branches. Annual branches are thin. Forms numerous fine bouquet branches. The most suitable soils for Japanese plums are humus, rich in nutrients, adequate are warm soils with moisture
In which season is the plum tree pruned?
Plum trees are typically pruned during the dormant season, which is winter or early spring. Pruning during this time when the tree is not actively growing allows for better visibility of the tree’s structure and encourages vigorous regrowth in the upcoming growing season. Here are some key points to keep in mind when pruning plum trees:
- Timing: The ideal time to prune plum trees is in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. It’s best to prune after the risk of severe cold temperatures has passed but before buds start to swell. This timing may vary slightly depending on your specific climate and local growing conditions.
- Pruning Objectives: The main goals of pruning plum trees are to promote a balanced tree structure, improve air circulation, remove dead or damaged branches, and maintain the tree’s size for easier harvest and maintenance. Pruning also helps stimulate fruit production by redirecting energy to productive branches and removing excessive growth.
- Techniques: When pruning plum trees, follow these general techniques:
- Remove dead, diseased, or broken branches: Start by removing any branches that are no longer viable or showing signs of disease or damage.
- Thin out crowded branches: Thin out dense areas by selectively removing branches that are crossing, rubbing, or growing in undesirable directions. This helps improve airflow and light penetration into the tree’s canopy.
- Maintain an open center: Prune to maintain an open center or vase-shaped structure, allowing sunlight to reach the inner branches and promoting better fruit development.
- Manage tree size: Depending on the desired size and shape of the tree, prune to control its height and spread. This can involve shortening or removing branches as necessary.
- Pruning Guidelines: When pruning plum trees, it’s essential to follow a few guidelines to avoid potential issues:
- Avoid heavy pruning: Plum trees can be susceptible to diseases such as silver leaf if pruned too heavily. It’s generally recommended to avoid removing more than 20-30% of the tree’s canopy in a single pruning session.
- Use clean, sharp tools: Ensure your pruning tools are clean and sharp to make clean cuts and minimize the risk of introducing infections.
- Prune during dry weather: Pruning during dry weather helps prevent the spread of diseases.
Remember that specific pruning techniques and timing can vary depending on the plum tree variety, age, and growth habit. It’s always a good idea to consult pruning guides specific to your plum tree variety or seek advice from local gardening experts for best results.