It is amazing that the Netherlands, more than half of whose land is built as a filling on the sea, is so successful in agriculture and floriculture, that is, in the field of plant diversity. If you look at the Dutch Tulips, it offers an endless view. Of course, there are different techniques to go forward in the field of plants and floriculture in such an important way. While the production area of flower bulbs in the Netherlands increased from 14.350 ha to 22.543 ha, it showed a very low decrease of 1% between 1999 and 2000. Dutch Flowers; The Netherlands has a very important place especially in cut floriculture.
The Netherlands has a strong reputation for its thriving flower industry, and roses are a significant part of it. There are several popular types of roses grown in the Netherlands, including:
- Hybrid Tea Roses: Hybrid tea roses are renowned for their large, high-centered blooms on long, sturdy stems. They come in various colors and are often used as cut flowers. Popular hybrid tea rose varieties grown in the Netherlands include ‘Grand Prix,’ ‘Freedom,’ ‘Red Naomi!,’ ‘Sweet Avalanche,’ and ‘Proud.’
- Spray Roses: Spray roses, also known as sweetheart roses, produce multiple small blooms on a single stem, creating a clustered effect. They are adored for their delicate appearance and are widely used in floral arrangements. Popular spray rose varieties grown in the Netherlands include ‘Hermosa,’ ‘Babe,’ ‘Crazy One,’ ‘Ocean Song,’ and ‘Wedding Spray.’
- Garden Roses: Garden roses, also referred to as old-fashioned roses or English roses, have a romantic and nostalgic charm. They are known for their lush, full blooms and captivating fragrances. Popular garden rose varieties grown in the Netherlands include ‘David Austin’ roses like ‘Juliet,’ ‘Graham Thomas,’ ‘Pat Austin,’ ‘Lady of Shalott,’ and ‘The Pilgrim.’
- Climbing Roses: Climbing roses are prized for their ability to cover fences, walls, and trellises with abundant blooms. They provide a vertical element and can create stunning displays. Popular climbing rose varieties grown in the Netherlands include ‘New Dawn,’ ‘Golden Showers,’ ‘Santana,’ ‘Dublin Bay,’ and ‘Crimson Glory.’
- Floribunda Roses: Floribunda roses produce clusters of smaller blooms on each stem, creating a profusion of color. They are known for their vigorous growth and continuous blooming. Popular floribunda rose varieties grown in the Netherlands include ‘Iceberg,’ ‘Sexy Rexy,’ ‘Europeana,’ ‘Sunsprite,’ and ‘Hot Cocoa.’
- Patio Roses: Patio roses are compact and bushy roses that are ideal for smaller gardens, containers, or patio plantings. They offer abundant blooms on shorter stems. Popular patio rose varieties grown in the Netherlands include ‘Sweet Dream,’ ‘Dancing Flame,’ ‘Charming Fairy,’ ‘Magic Meidiland,’ and ‘Pink Meidiland.’
These are just a few examples of the popular types of roses grown in the Netherlands. The country’s advanced horticultural practices, ideal climate, and expertise in flower cultivation contribute to the production of a wide variety of high-quality roses. What are the best roses grown in the Netherlands?
When to water roses in the Netherlands?
In the Netherlands, the watering needs of roses will vary depending on factors such as the specific rose variety, weather conditions, and the type of soil. However, as a general guideline, here are some tips on when to water roses in the Netherlands:
- Morning Watering: It is generally recommended to water roses in the morning, preferably before 10 a.m. This allows the foliage and soil to dry out during the day, reducing the risk of fungal diseases that thrive in wet conditions.
- Avoiding Midday Watering: It is advisable to avoid watering roses during the hottest part of the day, typically between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Watering during this time can result in excessive evaporation and may lead to water wastage.
- Evening Watering: If morning watering is not feasible, consider watering roses in the evening, a few hours before sunset. This gives the plants sufficient time to dry before nightfall. However, try to avoid wetting the foliage excessively to minimize the risk of fungal diseases.
- Watering Frequency: The frequency of watering will depend on various factors such as rainfall, temperature, and soil moisture levels. In general, roses in the Netherlands may require watering once or twice a week, especially during dry periods or when temperatures are high.
- Deep Watering: When watering roses, aim for deep and thorough watering rather than light sprinkling. This encourages the roots to grow deeper into the soil, promoting healthier and more resilient plants. Water slowly at the base of the plants until the soil around the roots is evenly moist.
- Watering Methods: Consider using drip irrigation, soaker hoses, or watering cans with a gentle flow to ensure targeted watering at the root zone. Avoid using sprinklers that wet the foliage excessively, as this can lead to the development of fungal diseases.
- Monitor Soil Moisture: Regularly check the moisture level of the soil around your roses by sticking your finger into the soil. If it feels dry up to a few inches deep, it’s a good indication that it’s time to water. Adjust your watering schedule as needed based on the moisture levels and weather conditions.
Remember that these guidelines are general recommendations, and it’s important to adapt them to the specific needs of your rose plants and the prevailing weather conditions in your area of the Netherlands. Factors like rainfall, temperature, soil type, and the specific stage of growth of your roses will influence their watering requirements.
Rose gardens in the Netherlands
The Netherlands is famous for its beautiful gardens, including those dedicated to roses. Here are a few notable rose gardens in the Netherlands that you may want to visit:
- Rosarium Westbroekpark, The Hague: Located in The Hague, Rosarium Westbroekpark is one of the largest rose gardens in the Netherlands. It boasts over 20,000 rose bushes of more than 300 different varieties. The garden features a wide range of roses, including hybrid teas, floribundas, climbers, and old-fashioned roses.
- Kasteeltuinen Arcen, Arcen: Kasteeltuinen Arcen is a stunning castle garden located in the town of Arcen. It encompasses around 32 hectares and features various themed gardens, including a beautiful rose garden. The rose garden at Kasteeltuinen Arcen showcases a diverse collection of roses, including hybrid teas, climbers, shrub roses, and English roses.
- Rosarium Winschoten, Winschoten: Rosarium Winschoten is a charming rose garden situated in the town of Winschoten in the province of Groningen. It contains over 320 different rose varieties and around 8,000 rose bushes. The garden is designed in a circular shape and offers a tranquil setting to appreciate the beauty and fragrance of roses.
- Rosarium Boskoop, Boskoop: Rosarium Boskoop is located in the town of Boskoop, renowned for its horticultural heritage. The rose garden features a vast collection of roses, including modern hybrids, classic varieties, and heritage roses. The garden is known for its beautiful rose arches, pergolas, and walking paths, providing a delightful experience for rose enthusiasts.
- Park De Wezenlanden, Zwolle: Park De Wezenlanden in Zwolle is a lovely public park with a dedicated rose garden. The rose garden is home to numerous rose varieties, including hybrid teas, floribundas, and shrub roses. It offers a peaceful environment for visitors to enjoy the colors, scents, and beauty of the roses.
These are just a few examples of the rose gardens you can find in the Netherlands. Each garden offers its own unique ambiance and showcases a wide variety of roses. Exploring these gardens provides an opportunity to admire the beauty of roses, learn about different varieties, and immerse yourself in the enchanting world of flowers.