Flowers can be classified into four main categories based on their reproductive structures and characteristics. These classifications are:
- Monocots (Monocotyledons): Monocot flowers are characterized by having one cotyledon (seed leaf) within the seed. They typically have flower parts in multiples of three, such as three or six petals, three sepals, and multiple stamens. Examples of monocot flowers include lilies, orchids, tulips, and irises.
- Dicots (Dicotyledons): Dicot flowers have two cotyledons within the seed. They typically have flower parts in multiples of four or five, such as four or five petals, four or five sepals, and multiple stamens. Many common garden flowers, such as roses, daisies, sunflowers, and peonies, belong to this category.
- Perfect Flowers: Perfect flowers have both male and female reproductive structures within the same flower. This means they possess both stamens (male parts producing pollen) and pistils (female parts containing the ovary and stigma). Most flowering plants fall into this category.
- Imperfect Flowers: Imperfect flowers lack either the male or female reproductive structures. They may have only stamens (staminate flowers) or only pistils (pistillate flowers). Some plants have separate staminate and pistillate flowers on different individuals (dioecious plants), while others have both types of flowers on the same plant (monoecious plants). Examples of plants with imperfect flowers include cucumbers, pumpkins, corn, and willows.
These classifications help botanists and horticulturists categorize and understand the diverse array of flowering plants based on their shared characteristics and reproductive structures.
Annual Flowers: As the name suggests, they are flowers that bloom in the year they are planted. The seeds that fall to the ground reproduce in the same way the next year, or we take the seeds and store them and plant them again in the same place or in another place every year. These types of flowers are very demanding flowers. Perennial flowers: Perennial flowers are perennial flowers. The cultivation of these flowers is done by seeds or tubers. They are called perennial flowers because they bloom again every year when the time comes.
Propagation by Seed in Flowers
Propagation by Seed, With the generative (seed) propagation method, a large amount of cheap and easy seedlings are produced. In this reproduction method, it is necessary to take into account some information about the seed, which is the main basis. First of all, it is necessary to decide which plant will be propagated by seed. Then the seeds are tried to be obtained. Seeds can be collected from rootstocks themselves, or they can be purchased from organizations that trade in this business.
The top of the sown seeds is covered with a plastic cover, a glass plate or newsprint until germination is observed, so that the proportional humidity is kept at the same level. After a while after the seeds germinate, the seedlings are transplanted to another environment with 2-3 true leaves in order not to interfere with each other’s nutrition, aeration and lighting and to obtain quality seedlings. This process is called “stunning” or “dilution. The seeds of some ornamental trees and shrubs have physiological germination barriers and their seed coats are also impermeable.
What are the 4 classifications of flowers?
What are the two classification of flowering plants? What are the 7 classifications of plants? Even if the seeds of plants with this structure are planted under optimum germination conditions, they are not subjected to some necessary pre-treatments beforehand. Otherwise, they cannot germinate.The most common pre-treatment is “folding”, which is done to soften the seed coat and bring the resting embryos to germination maturity. Folding is the method of seeds with germination barriers in a cool environment and in moist sand, for varying durations depending on the type and variety of the seeds. Seeds of ornamental plants such as Rose, Spruce, Fir, Redbud, Maple are planted after folding.
Seeds of annual or perennial flowering ornamental plants can be planted in crates, pans or pillows. New peat should be used every year for planting in the greenhouse and on the hot pads with underfloor heating, or it should be used after the old peat is disinfected with methyl bromide. When planting in crates or pans, pebbles or pot shards are laid on the bottom in order to drain the water and prevent root rot. Wooden or plastic crates with holes in the bottom can be used for sowing small quantities of seeds. Flower seeds are sown on the peat so that they do not touch each other by sprinkling, one by one or using a sieve. What are the 4 groups in plant classification?
Flowering, Seeding and Natural Scattering of Important Outdoor Plants
Vegetative Propagation, This propagation method is the most widely used production method in the production of ornamental plants. Vegetative reproduction; It is a form of production made with parts taken from vegetative plant parts such as root shoot, leaf, tuber, branch, rhizome. There are 4 main methods in this reproduction method. These:
- Replication with steel
- Immersion reproduction
Other vegetative propagations such as rhizomes, stolons, onions. Among the vegetative propagation methods listed above, the most commonly used propagation is by cutting or grafting.