The perennial herbaceous plant Chlorophytum is found in the wild of South Africa and Australia. Scientists are still debating about whether the chlorophytum belongs to the Lily family, the Agave family or the Spurge family. The genus includes approximately 250 different species. The unpretentious character of the chlorophytum is a major advantage over other ampelous indoor plants, so the beginners are eager to grow them.
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There are some other features that distinguish it from other plants:
- Chlorophytum blooms in March and blooms throughout the growing season;
- its dormancy period is from October to January;
- indoor chlorophytum grows well on hydroponics;
- sometimes insufficient watering or too dry air dries out the leaf tips of the chlorophytum and the plant loses some of its ornamentation;
- Not only does it look great in a hanging basket or in a stand, but its variegated leaves can even decorate flowerbeds in the garden; it also looks good as a solo plant and in groups with other plants.
The care of the Chlorophytum
The plant tends to adapt well to the conditions at home, but its demand for timely watering and air humidity is important. Chlorophytum is rather hardy and in case of deteriorating conditions and diseases, it recovers quickly. Its attractive appearance also renders it an attractive addition to any home. It looks beautiful as a solitary plant in a spacious room, and can also be placed next to other flowers. If necessary, it can remain without water for a long time, feeding on the moisture stored in its succulent roots.
How often should you water a chlorophytum? In summer, water abundantly and frequently, twice a week. During the winter, watering is reduced up to half. Do you water spider plants from top or bottom? Over-watering is not as dangerous as over-watering because the chlorophytum stores some water in its roots. This humid plant needs to be watered. Periodic cleaning of the leaves from soiling and dust is also recommended.
Do spider plants grow toward the light? Chlorophytum is best exposed to bright but diffused light, such as next to a west-facing or east-facing window. Too bright sun can dry out the soil and cause the leaves to lose their original rich colour. Can spider plants handle bright light? The shade will cause the stripes on the leaves to disappear, so it is not advisable to push the plant too far into the room. Plants placed on a southern window should be shaded from direct sunlight. Chlorophytum only needs a couple of hours of direct sunlight a day to maintain its vitality and beauty.
Diseases of Chlorophytum (Why does Chlorophytum turn brown?) Rarely affected by diseases, but aphids, worms or spider mites can settle on a weakened plant. As a preventative measure, keep the room moist and remove old, fallen leaves and flower blossoms in good time. Periodically wipe the leaves with a damp sponge to remove accumulated dust and dirt from the leaves and give them a chance to get the oxygen that is necessary for their vital activity.
How should chlorophytum potting soil be? Chlorophytum like neutral soil (pH 6-6.5), nutrient-dense and friable, consisting of approximately one part humus, two parts turf, two parts leafy soil and one part sand. Chlorophytum tolerates both high humidity and some dryness. Regular spraying is beneficial, especially on hot summer days and during the central heating. Occasionally, you can give your plants a shower and also clean the leaves. Be aware that the leaves of the chlorophytum are quite brittle and fragile.
Chlorophytum temperature requests The optimum temperature for chlorophytum is 15-25°C. In winter the temperature should not drop below 10°C. The plant will tolerate temperature variations, but its appearance will suffer. Do not place the plant near an un-insulated window because cold draughts can damage it.
Caring for chlorophytum flowers
To provide the plant with the nutrition and nutrients it needs, feed the chlorophytum with compound fertiliser once per two weeks in the spring and summer. Feeding is especially important during the growing and budding periods. Fertilising is not recommended during the winter dormancy period.
If it is necessary, trim back any damaged leaves. Also cut back when the plant needs to be shaped. If you do not do this, the flower will proliferate. Information about the Chlorophytum flower
Diseases of Chlorophytum
Chlorophytum can be propagated in two ways: by rooting the daughter rosettes (‘offspring’ that are on the flower stalk) and by splitting the bush by transplanting and replanting. The propagation procedure can be carried out at any time of the year.
For rooting, place the cuttings in water or plant them immediately into the loose substrate. If the roots are too weak, allow them to stand in water for a few days so that they can grow a bit and then plant them out.
Dividing the shrub and re-potting it into different pots if the plant is 3 to 4 years old. Water the plant well before planting, then remove it after a couple of hours and use a sharp knife to separate the roots. Take care to avoid damaging the plant and destroying the root ball. Then remove the dried out or rotten parts of the root and place the parts of the plant in the large pots that have been prepared beforehand.