One fifth of the country’s territory is covered with mountains. The other part consists of plains, hilly plains and plateaus. In the south of the Caspian Depression, which dominates the western and southwestern parts, the Ustyurt Plateau stretches, and on the Mangışlak Peninsula, Karadağ and Akdağ. The Ural Plateau and the Mugodjar Hills separate the Caspian Depression from the vast Turan Plain. The sands carried by the dried rivers formed the Kızılkum Desert in the south, the Karakum Desert in the middle, and the Great and Little Barsuki deserts in the north. In the north, the height of the mountains reaches 1500 meters. Uludag is located in the west of the country’s territory, and the mountain range known as Cengizdag is located in the east. The Tarbagatay Ranges enter the territory of Kazakhstan from the south, while the Listvyaga, Holzun and Tigirek mountain ranges, which are the continuation of the Altai mountain range, enter the territory of Kazakhstan from the east. On the border of Kyrgyzstan, the Tanri Mountains stretch. The Muyunkum Desert goes into Montenegro.
What is the natural vegetation in Kazakhstan?
The largest rivers of Kazakhstan are the Ural and Seyhun. A Turkish state located in Central Asia. To the north are the Russian Federation, the Ural Mountains and Southern Siberia, Mongolia and East Turkestan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Aladag, the Tanri Mountains and the Aral Sea, currently the Caspian Sea. The east and west center is 3000 km, the distance between the north and south is 1500 km.
A very harsh continental climate prevails in the valleys and plains of Kazakhstan. The temperature varies a lot from region to region. The average winter temperature, which varies between -5°C and -1.4°C in the south, drops to -16°C to -19°C in the central parts. The average temperature in summer is 20°C in the north and 29°C in the south. Average annual precipitation varies between 200-300 mm in the north and central parts, 400-500 mm in the south, and 600-1000 mm in the high mountain ranges. Hurricane-like winds often blow in the valleys.
Wormwood and tamarisk grow in deserts that cover most of the country’s territory. Altai and Tian Shan mountains are covered with forests. A large number of game animals live in forests and deserts. Some of those; antelope, shelter, wolf, bear, sable. In the rivers and lakes, carp, pike, salmon, trout and freshwater bass are caught, and in the Caspian Sea, sturgeon and herring are caught.
More than 40% of Kazakhstan is desert.
Kazakhstan is a rustic with a wealthy historic and cultural past. Situated withinside the centre of Eurasia, Kazakhstan discovered itself on the move avenue of the earliest civilizations of the arena with social and economic, cultural and ideological connections among East and West, South and North, among Europe and Asia. The geographical centre of the European and Asian subcontinents is placed precisely in Kazakhstan, withinside the epicentre of Semipalatinsk, the previous Soviet nuclear check site.
What 4 climates are found in Kazakhstan?
Does Kazakhstan have 4 seasons? Is Kazakhstan hot in the summer? What is the average temperature in Kazakhstan? The range of geological and geomorphologic climatic and vegetative-floor situations of Kazakhstan’s territory offers a whole lot of landscapes. Natural flora zones arise with an boom in sun radiation from north to south proportionate to the lower in rainfall. The territory of Kazakhstan withinside the south is a part of the “Variable Zone”. The weather is fantastically continental with significantly less warm winters and warmer summers than is the case on the equal latitudes of Eastern Europe. The eighty five coldest month is January and the warmest one is July. There is little precipitation, in particular withinside the southern regions. There is a hundred mm of annual precipitation withinside the south and 300-500 mm withinside the north. In Kazakhstan (besides for its mountain part) the yearly rainfall is numerous instances much less than what may be evaporated, ensuing in a huge moisture deficit. Such a dry weather offers the situations for the predominance of desolate tract and semi-desolate tract landscapes and calls for synthetic irrigation for cultivating agricultural crops. The common temperature in January, the coldest month, varies between -5°C in the intense south and -20°C withinside the north. In the plains of Kazakhstan the common July temperature varies between +18°C withinside the north and +29°C withinside the south. Are there forests in Kazakhstan?
What are the natural resources of Kazakhstan?
Environmental situations together with sun radiation, weather, topography and herbal sources, minerals, water, plant and land sources, in addition to animals have a extensive impact at the improvement of the economy. Depending on predominance of herbal sources, humans have always evolved distinct manufacturing sectors together with industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, fishery and forestry. Considering the herbal surroundings of Kazakhstan (the mixture of herbal situations and herbal sources) withinside the context of monetary improvement, it is able to be stated that it’s far rather wealthy and diverse. There are extensive reserves of many varieties of treasured mineral sources, big regions of effective arable lands, and sizeable grasslands. These herbal sources frequently arise collectively and create a herbal foundation for the improvement of a different and big scale national economy. However, it ought to be cited that the extreme extraordinarily continental herbal situations of Kazakhstan together with dry weather and lack of clean water in big territories of the u . s . complicate the exploration of herbal sources. It ought to be considered that the land and its subsoil assets, waters, plants and fauna and different herbal sources are the exceptional assets of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as a consequence forming the premise of its impartial statehood.
What plants grow in Kazakhstan?
Forests and grasslands of Kazakhstan play an essential function and are taken into consideration as country wide resources, offering essential environmental offerings together with weather regulation, soil and water protection, and sanitary and hygienic functions. They also are the main pressure withinside the economic system of the country, providing its populace with forage, food, fuel (combustible), drug flowers and also are utilized by human beings for recreation. The nation forestry fund consists of now no longer best forests however additionally grazing land, open wooded area stands, hayfields and different lands. The general vicinity of the nation wooded area fund is 27.eight million ha (in step with an stock of the wooded area land as of 01.01.08), along with a forested vicinity of 12.three million ha, representing 4.five% of the whole land vicinity (272.five million ha) of the Republic. In phrases of vicinity length it takes the 0.33 area a few of the international locations of Europe and Central Asia. Traditionally, with general reserves of status wood shares identical to 380.7 million m3 Kazakhstan lags at the back of the international locations of Europe and Central Asia that are wealthy in forests (best one 0.33 compared with Romania) however its stage corresponds to that of South Africa, Vietnam or the Philippines. The manufacturing capacity of such forests is instead low (common wooded area stocking density in line with 1 ha is forty two m3 ), that’s partially because of low temperatures, extraordinarily continental weather and small quantities of rainfall. Is Kazakhstan mostly desert?
Is there a forest in Kazakhstan? forest areas of Kazakhstan
The general location of country and personal forestry budget as of 01.01.2009 is 27.eight million ha or 10.2% of the Republic’s territory. The land protected with forests occupies 12.three million ha or 44.2% of the whole wooded area property lands. The percent of wooded area lands quantities to 4.5%. The location of the forestry fund is split amongst numerous governmental departments as follows. About 4.7 million ha or 17.1% of the whole forestry fund land comes below the jurisdiction of the Committee of Forest and Hunting Industry. They include:
10 State Wilderness Areas (hereinafter – SWA) with a length of 1.2 million ha; nine State National Nature Parks (hereinafter – SNNP) – 1,seventy three million ha; and three State Nature Reserves (hereinafter – SNR) – 1.7 million ha.
Apart from the above-noted in particular blanketed herbal reserves (hereinafter – SPNR), the Committee has the duty for 2 wooded area plant breeding centers – 1,six hundred ha and one education and manufacturing wooded area control enterprise – 25,900 ha in addition to round Astana City the wooded area nursery of the Republican State Enterprise (RSE) “Zhasyl Aymak” with a complete region of 45,800 ha.
According to Article forty four of the Forestry Code of RK, there are extra specifically included wooded area regions which consist of the kinds of the kingdom forestry fund being a part of kingdom forestry fund establishments of local Akimats. These are the kingdom wooded area herbal monuments, wooded area regions with clinical significance which includes wooded area genetic reserves, amazing woodlands and forests and fruit tree plantings. The overall place of those classes of the kingdom forestry fund (SFF) is 49,four hundred ha.
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